In 1997, the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) received a P01 Program Project grant from NIMH and NIDA to conduct research aimed at the prevention of HIV infection and reduction of the negative consequences of HIV disease in vulnerable and underserved populations. We successfully competed for a five-year P30 CSPAR grant in September 2001. With this application, we seek to renew this CSPAR grant for an additional 5 years of support. To date, a total of 86 externally funded research and training grants (69 research, 17 training) have been affiliated with the Center;41 (32 research) of these are currently ongoing. Five additional research grants are currently under review. A total of 41 scientists have served as Principal Investigators on these different projects. An additional 21 have been awarded funds through our pilot project program during this same period. CIRA affiliated research will continue to identify the determinants of risky behaviors in vulnerable populations, develop and assess interventions to address this risk, analyze policy, laws, and structures associated with risk and prevention, and examine the global dimensions of the pandemic. In addition, we will support the conduct of translational research and collaborative research focusing on HIV prevention, care, and treatment in national and international settings. Wherever possible, this research will be interdisciplinary, drawing from the full range of theoretical and methodological expertise of CIRA scientists, who together, represent 22 different disciplines. Six Cores will support the conduct of research in these areas. An Administrative (Admin) Core will serve as the planning and decision-making body and will provide overall scientific leadership, and administrative management. A Development (Dev) Core will provide mechanisms for promoting and supporting new research and bringing new scientists, at all stages in their careers, to HIV/AIDS research. An Interdisciplinary Research Methods (IRM) Core will provide consultations, hands-on assistance, resources, and training in quantitative methods and biostatistics, qualitative methods and ethnography, cost effectiveness and mathematical modeling, and biological measures and analysis. The Community Research (CR) Core will facilitate community-based and translational research by CIRA scientists, build research capacity of community partners, and facilitate the dissemination of research findings. A Clinical and Health Services Research (CHSR) Core will foster the development of research focused on developing and testing clinical strategies to address HIV prevention, care, and treatment for patients with comorbid psychiatric, medical, substance use and behavioral conditions in domestic and international settings. The Law, Policy, and Ethics (LPE) Core will facilitate the development of new and support ongoing research with a legal, policy, ethics, or structural focus. It will also ensure that CIRA research meets the highest ethical and legal standards and that it is accessible to policymakers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-H (08))
Program Officer
Gordon, Christopher M
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Yale University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
Zip Code
Earnshaw, Valerie A; Rosenthal, Lisa; Lang, Shawn M (2016) Stigma, activism, and well-being among people living with HIV. AIDS Care 28:717-21
Salinas, Jorge L; Rentsch, Christopher; Marconi, Vincent C et al. (2016) Baseline, Time-Updated, and Cumulative HIV Care Metrics for Predicting Acute Myocardial Infarction and All-Cause Mortality. Clin Infect Dis 63:1423-1430
Kunkel, Amber; Crawford, Forrest W; Shepherd, James et al. (2016) Benefits of continuous isoniazid preventive therapy may outweigh resistance risks in a declining tuberculosis/HIV coepidemic. AIDS 30:2715-2723
Reisner, Sari L; Hughto, Jaclyn M White; Pardee, Dana J et al. (2016) LifeSkills for Men (LS4M): Pilot Evaluation of a Gender-Affirmative HIV and STI Prevention Intervention for Young Adult Transgender Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Urban Health 93:189-205
Park, Lesley S; Hernández-Ramírez, Raúl U; Silverberg, Michael J et al. (2016) Prevalence of non-HIV cancer risk factors in persons living with HIV/AIDS: a meta-analysis. AIDS 30:273-91
Katz-Wise, Sabra L; Reisner, Sari L; Hughto, Jaclyn White et al. (2016) Differences in Sexual Orientation Diversity and Sexual Fluidity in Attractions Among Gender Minority Adults in Massachusetts. J Sex Res 53:74-84
Black, Anne C; Cooney, Ned L; Justice, Amy C et al. (2016) Momentary assessment of PTSD symptoms and sexual risk behavior in male OEF/OIF/OND Veterans. J Affect Disord 190:424-8
Park, Lesley S; Tate, Janet P; Sigel, Keith et al. (2016) Time trends in cancer incidence in persons living with HIV/AIDS in the antiretroviral therapy era: 1997-2012. AIDS 30:1795-806
Hansen, Caitlin; Paintsil, Elijah (2016) Infectious Diseases of Poverty in Children: A Tale of Two Worlds. Pediatr Clin North Am 63:37-66
Gaither, Julie R; Goulet, Joseph L; Becker, William C et al. (2016) The Association Between Receipt of Guideline-Concordant Long-Term Opioid Therapy and All-Cause Mortality. J Gen Intern Med 31:492-501

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