In 1997, the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) received a P01 Program Project grant from NIMH and NIDA to conduct research aimed at the prevention of HIV infection and reduction of the negative consequences of HIV disease in vulnerable and underserved populations. We successfully competed for a five-year P30 CSPAR grant in September 2001. With this application, we seek to renew this CSPAR grant for an additional 5 years of support. To date, a total of 86 externally funded research and training grants (69 research, 17 training) have been affiliated with the Center;41 (32 research) of these are currently ongoing. Five additional research grants are currently under review. A total of 41 scientists have served as Principal Investigators on these different projects. An additional 21 have been awarded funds through our pilot project program during this same period. CIRA affiliated research will continue to identify the determinants of risky behaviors in vulnerable populations, develop and assess interventions to address this risk, analyze policy, laws, and structures associated with risk and prevention, and examine the global dimensions of the pandemic. In addition, we will support the conduct of translational research and collaborative research focusing on HIV prevention, care, and treatment in national and international settings. Wherever possible, this research will be interdisciplinary, drawing from the full range of theoretical and methodological expertise of CIRA scientists, who together, represent 22 different disciplines. Six Cores will support the conduct of research in these areas. An Administrative (Admin) Core will serve as the planning and decision-making body and will provide overall scientific leadership, and administrative management. A Development (Dev) Core will provide mechanisms for promoting and supporting new research and bringing new scientists, at all stages in their careers, to HIV/AIDS research. An Interdisciplinary Research Methods (IRM) Core will provide consultations, hands-on assistance, resources, and training in quantitative methods and biostatistics, qualitative methods and ethnography, cost effectiveness and mathematical modeling, and biological measures and analysis. The Community Research (CR) Core will facilitate community-based and translational research by CIRA scientists, build research capacity of community partners, and facilitate the dissemination of research findings. A Clinical and Health Services Research (CHSR) Core will foster the development of research focused on developing and testing clinical strategies to address HIV prevention, care, and treatment for patients with comorbid psychiatric, medical, substance use and behavioral conditions in domestic and international settings. The Law, Policy, and Ethics (LPE) Core will facilitate the development of new and support ongoing research with a legal, policy, ethics, or structural focus. It will also ensure that CIRA research meets the highest ethical and legal standards and that it is accessible to policymakers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-H (08))
Program Officer
Gordon, Christopher M
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Yale University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
Zip Code
Gibson, Crystal; Callands, Tamora A; Magriples, Urania et al. (2015) Intimate partner violence, power, and equity among adolescent parents: relation to child outcomes and parenting. Matern Child Health J 19:188-95
Angley, Meghan; Divney, Anna; Magriples, Urania et al. (2015) Social support, family functioning and parenting competence in adolescent parents. Matern Child Health J 19:67-73
Cepeda, Javier A; Niccolai, Linda M; Lyubimova, Alexandra et al. (2015) High-risk behaviors after release from incarceration among people who inject drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia. Drug Alcohol Depend 147:196-202
Gandhi, Neel R; Brust, James C M; Moodley, Prashini et al. (2014) Minimal diversity of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, South Africa. Emerg Infect Dis 20:426-33
Cole-Lewis, Heather J; Kershaw, Trace S; Earnshaw, Valerie A et al. (2014) Pregnancy-specific stress, preterm birth, and gestational age among high-risk young women. Health Psychol 33:1033-45
Anderson, Jeffrey P; Tchetgen Tchetgen, Eric J; Lo Re 3rd, Vincent et al. (2014) Antiretroviral therapy reduces the rate of hepatic decompensation among HIV- and hepatitis C virus-coinfected veterans. Clin Infect Dis 58:719-27
Reid, Allecia E; Dovidio, John F; Ballester, Estrellita et al. (2014) HIV prevention interventions to reduce sexual risk for African Americans: the influence of community-level stigma and psychological processes. Soc Sci Med 103:118-25
Gupta, Jhumka; Falb, Kathryn L; Carliner, Hannah et al. (2014) Associations between exposure to intimate partner violence, armed conflict, and probable PTSD among women in rural Côte d'Ivoire. PLoS One 9:e96300
McCauley, Heather L; Falb, Kathryn L; Streich-Tilles, Tara et al. (2014) Mental health impacts of reproductive coercion among women in Côte d'Ivoire. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 127:55-9
Bassett, Ingrid V; Govindasamy, Darshini; Erlwanger, Alison S et al. (2014) Mobile HIV screening in Cape Town, South Africa: clinical impact, cost and cost-effectiveness. PLoS One 9:e85197

Showing the most recent 10 out of 119 publications