COMMUNITY RESEARCH (CR) CORE The CR Core recognizes that community-based collaboration is necessary for the successful conduct of HIV prevention research. Furthermore, for HIV prevention and intervention research to be relevant and of benefit to the communities in which it is conducted, it must be undertaken with the support of and in collaboration with community-based organizations (CBOs) working with at-risk populations. Such collaborations significantly enhance the quality of the science being conducted. The Core therefore aims to promote the development of new and support ongoing community based research conducted by CIRA scientists. It will accomplish these goals by: keeping CIRA scientists informed of community research priorities, community expertise, and current scholarship on the design, methods, and theories of CBR;developing research capacity of local CBOs and enhancing the potential for collaboration with CIRA scientists through the Community Research Partnership Program (CRPP);strengthening the capacity of scientists and community research partners to conduct translational research;and assisting in the dissemination of research findings by increasing their accessibility to the scientific and non-scientific communities. The Core will run a consultation program, providing required pre-affiliation consultations prior to grant submission for all projects involving community based research and post-award dissemination consultations for all CIRA affiliated research, as well as responding to investigator initiated requests for consultations at any time. One focus of these consultations will be on linking scientists with community partners. Ad-hoc groups of community-university collaborators will be formed to respond to relevant RFAs. The CRPP is a competitive program in which community based organizations (CBOs) receive pilot funding for projects conducted in collaboration with CIRA scientists. It is expected that these projects will build community research capacity and lead to publications and/or to the development of independent, extramurally funded collaborative research projects by CIRA Scientists. Assistance with translational research will include Core consultations, capacity building workshops, and bibliographic resources. In addition to consultations, dissemination activities will include implementation of the intensive dissemination projects on selected topics and compilation of an annual Research Summary. ,"""""""" These activities will lead to further expansion in the number of community based research projects being conducted at CIRA and more publications based on them.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-H)
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Yale University
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Jacobson, Karen B; Niccolai, Linda; Mtungwa, Nonhle et al. (2017) ""It's about my life"": facilitators of and barriers to isoniazid preventive therapy completion among people living with HIV in rural South Africa. AIDS Care 29:936-942
Lewis, Jessica B; Sullivan, Tami P; Angley, Meghan et al. (2017) Psychological and relational correlates of intimate partner violence profiles among pregnant adolescent couples. Aggress Behav 43:26-36
Willie, Tiara C; Powell, Adeya; Lewis, Jessica et al. (2017) Who Is at Risk for Intimate Partner Violence Victimization: Using Latent Class Analysis to Explore Interpersonal Polyvictimization and Polyperpetration Among Pregnant Young Couples. Violence Vict 32:545-564
Rosenberg, Alana; Groves, Allison K; Blankenship, Kim M (2017) Comparing Black and White Drug Offenders: Implications for Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice and Reentry Policy and Programming. J Drug Issues 47:132-142
Harsono, Dini; Galletly, Carol L; O'Keefe, Elaine et al. (2017) Criminalization of HIV Exposure: A Review of Empirical Studies in the United States. AIDS Behav 21:27-50
Li, Jianghong; Valente, Thomas W; Shin, Hee-Sung et al. (2017) Overlooked Threats to Respondent Driven Sampling Estimators: Peer Recruitment Reality, Degree Measures, and Random Selection Assumption. AIDS Behav :
Zhao, Yan; Zhang, Mingjie; Shi, Cynthia X et al. (2017) Mortality and virological failure among HIV-infected people who inject drugs on antiretroviral treatment in China: An observational cohort study. Drug Alcohol Depend 170:189-197
Nathavitharana, Ruvandhi R; Shi, Cynthia X; Chindelevitch, Leonid et al. (2017) Polyclonal Pulmonary Tuberculosis Infections and Risk for Multidrug Resistance, Lima, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis 23:1887-1890
Loeliger, Kelsey B; Biggs, Mary L; Young, Rebekah et al. (2017) Gender Differences in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Persons Involved in the U.S. Criminal Justice System and Living with HIV or at Risk for HIV: A ""Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain"" Harmonization Consortium. AIDS Behav 21:2945-2957
Grau, Lauretta E; Griffiths-Kundishora, Abbie; Heimer, Robert et al. (2017) Barriers and facilitators of the HIV care continuum in Southern New England for people with drug or alcohol use and living with HIV/AIDS: perspectives of HIV surveillance experts and service providers. Addict Sci Clin Pract 12:24

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