Despite two decades of impressive reductions in US cardiovascular mortality, many vulnerable sub-groups still experience significant cardiovascular health disparities. This stems in part from a paucity of valid interventional research and a lack of culturally sensitive service based infrastructure. CV health disparities can be expected to increase in the face of 1) an extremely slow pace of translation (including both implementation and dissemination) of tools to improve evidence-based practice, 2) systematic barriers to access to care and information including evidence based care once patients enter the medical care system, and 3) limited use of technology assisted health interventions. To address the urgent need to develop and test innovative, culturally appropriate interventions and to translate this new science into practice for vulnerable populations, experienced health disparity researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing propose the Center for Cardiovascular Health for Vulnerable Populations (CCHVP). In addition to internationally recognized nurse researchers in cardiovascular health promotion, Hopkins has a research intensive environment second to none with unique resources and culture of multidisciplinary and trans-professional collaboration that will enhance both the operations and achievements of the CCVHP. The Center will be comprised of three cores-Administration, Intervention, and Translation. Each will be charged with strengthening existing and evolving collaborations within, as well as beyond Johns Hopkins to achieve the following broad goals: 1) To provide an infrastructure dedicated to advancing nursing science to improve the cardiovascular health of vulnerable populations, 2) To foster a new generation of nursing scholars who are engaged in interdisciplinary/trans-professional research in the area of cardiovascular health promotion for vulnerable populations, and 3) To enhance the translation and dissemination of research in the area of cardiovascular health among vulnerable populations.

Public Health Relevance

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the US and will be in the world. To accomplish the aims above we propose to build a sustainable model research center - the Center for Cardiovascular Health in Vulnerable Populations - to contribute to significant reductions of cardiovascular health disparities through research, training and policy action locally and nationally. CENTER AS A WHOLE, INCLUDING ADMINISTRATIVE CORE AND EVALUATION PLAN

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30NR011409-04
Application #
8279115
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZNR1-REV-M (01))
Program Officer
Huss, Karen
Project Start
2009-08-12
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-11
Budget End
2014-05-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$454,388
Indirect Cost
$238,814
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
None
Type
Schools of Nursing
DUNS #
001910777
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21218
Commodore-Mensah, Yvonne; Hill, Martha; Allen, Jerilyn et al. (2016) Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease Risk of Ghanaian- and Nigerian-Born West African Immigrants in the United States: The Afro-Cardiac Study. J Am Heart Assoc 5:
Nguyen, Tam H; Park, Hyunjeong; Han, Hae-Ra et al. (2015) State of the science of health literacy measures: Validity implications for minority populations. Patient Educ Couns :
Ruble, Kathy; Davis, Catherine L; Han, Hae-Ra (2015) Endothelial health in childhood acute lymphoid leukemia survivors: pilot evaluation with peripheral artery tonometry. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 37:117-20
Lee, Jong-Eun; Kim, Miyong T; Han, Hae-Ra (2015) Correlates of Health-Related Quality of Life Among Korean Immigrant Elders. J Appl Gerontol 34:844-57
Walton-Moss, Benita; Samuel, Laura; Nguyen, Tam H et al. (2014) Community-based cardiovascular health interventions in vulnerable populations: a systematic review. J Cardiovasc Nurs 29:293-307
Han, Hae-Ra; Lee, Hwayun; Commodore-Mensah, Yvonne et al. (2014) Development and validation of the Hypertension Self-care Profile: a practical tool to measure hypertension self-care. J Cardiovasc Nurs 29:E11-20
Kim, Hyerang; Song, Hee-Jung; Han, Hae-Ra et al. (2013) Translation and validation of the dietary approaches to stop hypertension for koreans intervention: culturally tailored dietary guidelines for Korean Americans with high blood pressure. J Cardiovasc Nurs 28:514-23
Han, Hae-Ra; Song, Youngshin; Song, Hee-Jung et al. (2013) Influence of living arrangements on the management and control of hypertension: a mixed-methods study of Korean American elderly. J Immigr Minor Health 15:944-52
Song, Youngshin; Song, Hee-Jung; Han, Hae-Ra et al. (2012) Unmet needs for social support and effects on diabetes self-care activities in Korean Americans with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educ 38:77-85
Park, Hyunjeong; Kim, Miyong T (2012) Impact of social role strain, depression, social support and age on diabetes self-efficacy in Korean women with type 2 diabetes. J Cardiovasc Nurs 27:76-83

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