This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. We have used light and electron microscopy of T. brucei to describe its endocytosis of the variant surface glycoprotein (VSG), the major surface antigen of this parasitic microorganism. Our published work describes the kinetics and intracellular itinerary of this protein internalization, and our results suggest some surprising conclusions: (1) Different sub-compartments of the endosomal system are distinctly located within a tiny volume that lies between the flagellar pocket (FP), the lysosome and the Golgi complex. (2) Endoyctosis and exocytosis in T. brucei occur exclusively via clathrin-coated vesicles and Rab11-positive exocytic carriers, respectively. (3) Formation of clathrin-coated pits in T. brucei is faster than in any other organism. (4) GPI-anchored proteins are sorted by default into large cisternae. (5) The Golgi is not involved in surface coat recycling. Our attempts to resolve the 3D organization of the distinctly located endosomal sub-compartments has, however, been frustrated by the complexity of the structures themselves and the resolution limits of both light and conventional electron microscopic techniques. Preliminary data from serial sections has indicate the existence of very large fenestrated cisterna involved in VSG recycling, and we are now working to analyze the relationship of this cisterna with RAB5- and RAB11-positive structures in more detail. These different compartments either communicate by rapid fusion/fission events, or they may be continuous. We have now collected 10 dual-axis tomograms of the volume around the FP in trypanosomes labeled with markers for fluid-phase endocytosis and with antibodies to some specific endocytic compartments. These reconstructions are now being analyzed to help us understand the membrane traffic that allows this parasite to evade the host's immune response so successfully.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000592-41
Application #
8362529
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-CB-J (40))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
41
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$10,638
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Colorado at Boulder
Department
Biochemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
007431505
City
Boulder
State
CO
Country
United States
Zip Code
80309
Giddings Jr, Thomas H; Morphew, Mary K; McIntosh, J Richard (2017) Preparing Fission Yeast for Electron Microscopy. Cold Spring Harb Protoc 2017:pdb.prot091314
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Höög, Johanna L; Lacomble, Sylvain; Bouchet-Marquis, Cedric et al. (2016) 3D Architecture of the Trypanosoma brucei Flagella Connector, a Mobile Transmembrane Junction. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10:e0004312
Park, J Genevieve; Palmer, Amy E (2015) Properties and use of genetically encoded FRET sensors for cytosolic and organellar Ca2+ measurements. Cold Spring Harb Protoc 2015:pdb.top066043
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Weber, Britta; Tranfield, Erin M; Höög, Johanna L et al. (2014) Automated stitching of microtubule centerlines across serial electron tomograms. PLoS One 9:e113222

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