This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Centrioles are organelles that play essential roles in the formation of cilia and flagella, and they participate in cytokinesis, cell cycle control and centrosome organization. The cell's single centrosome, which is inherited as a spindle pole, duplicates only once per cell cycle, a process that is regulated through the control of centriole duplication. Centriole duplication is strictly controlled to ensure the formation of a bipolar spindle and the maintenance of ploidy. It has been known for many years that daughter centrioles assemble at right angles to the older, or """"""""mother"""""""" centriole. The significance of this and the pathway for daughter centriole assemble remain mysterious. We are using the correlative light and EM tomography approach to study centrosome assembly in staged C. elegans embryos. Our initial results showed that daughter centriole assembly in this organism begins with the formation of a central tube, just as the pronuclei appear (Pelletier, L., O'Toole, E.T., Schwager, A., Hyman, A.A., and M?ller-Reichert, T. (2006) Centriole assembly in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 444, 619-23). The central tube elongates during pronuclear migration, and the assembly of singlet microtubules on the tube occurs during pronuclear rotation. Using EM-tomography in combination with RNA interference and restoration microscopy we have found evidence suggesting that tube formation and elongation requires the SAS-5/SAS-6 proteins and an upstream signal mediated by SPD-2 and ZYG-1. We further show that although the assembly of the central tube still occurs, singlet microtubules fail to assemble in the absence of SAS-4, suggesting that it is required specifically at that step of assembly. The centriole assembly pathway we describe here in C. elegans may provide a framework for further studies on centriole assembly in other centriole bearing organisms.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000592-41
Application #
8362546
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-CB-J (40))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
41
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$21,276
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Colorado at Boulder
Department
Biochemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
007431505
City
Boulder
State
CO
Country
United States
Zip Code
80309
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