This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is a massive macromolecular assembly, unique to Eukaryotes, that mediates bidirectional exchange of material between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Until recently, the evolutionary origin of the NPC was unknown, leaving a major gap in our understanding of the origin of the Eukaryota. Prior bioinformatic studies led to the conclusion that the Last Common Eukaryotic Ancestor (LCEA) possessed a rather primitive ancestral NPC, passing few components to its highly divergent modern descendants. Using a proteomic/genomic approach, we show that the LCEA actually possessed an NPC with a surprisingly modern architecture. Moreover, we have established that all NPCs have a fundamentally similar scaffold architecture that resembles the architecture of coated vesicles. Our findings strongly support the hypothesis that NPCs share a common ancestry with vesicle coating complexes, and that both were established very early in eukaryotic evolution. A manuscript describing this work has been published (23. J.A. DeGrasse, K.N. DuBois, D. Devos, T.N. Siegel, A. Sali, M.C. Field, M.P. Rout, B.T. Chait """"""""Evidence for a shared nuclear pore complex architecture that is conserved from the last common eukaryotic ancestor"""""""" Molecular &Cellular Proteomics, 8 (2009) 2119-30). We are now continuing to improve our affinity isolation procedures for gaining higher resolution information about the architecture, function an evolution of the T. brucei NPC and are obtaining very promising results.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000862-38
Application #
8361503
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-Q (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-03-31
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-03-31
Support Year
38
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$26,085
Indirect Cost
Name
Rockefeller University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
071037113
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10065
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