This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. We are using HDX and FPOP to probe the interface of insulin oligomers. Research indicates that specific residues on insulin play the key role in oligomerization and different residues are involved in various oligomers. For example, if LysB28 and ProB29 are reversed, dimerization constant will decrease drastically;if GluB13 is changed to Gln, the mutants will have higher propensity to form hexamers. Most of the previous research was based on measuring thermodynamic and kinetic data of insulin mutants, which were not only time-consuming but also not able to elucidate global properties. HDX and FPOP provide the opportunities to map out all the interactions involved in oligomerization without using mutants. By adjusting the pH, concentration, and additives, certain oligomers can be dominant in the distribution. With a top-down strategy particular precursors can be selected in the gas-phase and fragmented. We can distinguish the effect of binding for different oligomers. We plan to pinpoint which residues are crucial for binding in specific oligomers.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000954-34
Application #
8361398
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
2011-01-01
Project End
2011-12-31
Budget Start
2011-01-01
Budget End
2011-12-31
Support Year
34
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$6,306
Indirect Cost
Name
Washington University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
068552207
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
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