This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. A major factor in the emergence of antibiotic resistance is the existence of bacterial enzymes that chemically modify common antibiotics. One such family of anti-bacterials to which there is now almost universal resistance are the aminoglycosides (e.g. kanamycin, tobramycin and gentimicin). High level resistance to gentamicin in enterococci is mediated by a group of four phosphotransferases belonging to the APH(2?) sub-family of enzymes which phosphorylate at a specific hydroxyl group on the antibiotic, using ATP as a cosubstrate. An understanding of how these enzymes bind and deactivate the aminoglycosides will provide valuable information for the design of specific inhibitors of these enzymes. We are studying all four of the APH(2?) phosphotransferases, APH(2?)-Ia and APH(2?)-IIa from Enterococcus faecium, APH(2?)-IIIa from E. gallinarum, and APH(2?)-IVa from E. casseliflavus. The three dimensional structures of the binary gentamicin complex and a ternary AMPPCP-streptomycin complex of APH(2?)-IIa have been determined and published and the crystallization conditions for APH(2?)-IIIa and APH(2?)-IVa established. Both the APH(2?)-IIIa and APH(2?)-IVa structures have been solved. Studies will focus on solving structures of binary and ternary complexes of these enzymes.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362077
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$559
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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