This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. This project involves the study of a critical enzyme in metabolism, aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATCase). ATCase catalyzes the first step in pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis. The product of the reaction, carbamoyl aspartate is then converted into the pyrimidine nucleotides necessary for nucleic acid biosynthesis. ATCase has been identified as a target for anti-proliferation and anti-malarial drugs. Particularly important is that ATCase not only catalyzes the above reaction, but also controls the rate of pyrimidine biosynthesis. Regulation is achieved by a conformational switch from a low-activity T-state to a high-activity R-state. These two states have different quaternary conformations that can be easily distinguished by SAXS. By using a stopped flow mixer attached to the SAXS apparatus at SSRL we are ability to monitor the actual transition of the enzyme from the T to the R, and from the R to T, states induced by the natural substrates as well as potential drug candidates. For this project period we have two specific aims: (i) investigate the heterotropic interactions and homotropic cooperativity of ATCase using time-resolved SAXS, and (ii) monitor the cooperativity transition of ATCase from the T to the R state by time-resolved crystallography. The first specific aim is directed at determining the molecular level details of how ATCase is able to regulate pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis. The second specific aim will utilize the new capabilities of beamline 4-2 to obtain a time-lapsed record of the conformational changes that are required to convert the enzyme from the T to the R state by x-ray crystallography. This experiment will then be combined with other ongoing studies to determine by crystallography each of the steps in the catalytic and regulatory mechanisms of this important metabolic enzyme.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362170
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$2,737
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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