This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Heme proteins have been studied extensively by x-ray absorption spectroscopy, but new proteins/roles continue to emerge. XANES and multiple-scattering XAFS studies are sensitive probes of their oxidation state, coordination number and the nature of the coordinating ligands. We will study the heme structures with respect to the roles of neuroglobin (Nb) in the brain, NO binding and other functions of myoglobin (Mb) in cardiovascular disease, and the new protein, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-2 (IDO-2), in the kidneys. We will use these techniques to compare the structures of different adducts and oxidation states of the isolated proteins with those contained within cells. In particular, whether Nb confers neuro-protection during cerebral ischemia is controversial and we plan to study changes in the structures of intracellular neuroglobin in neurons under normal conditions and those associated with stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. Similarly, NO binding to Mb is important in the health of the cardiovascular system, but it is uncertain as to whether it binds to the thiolate group, the heme centre or both in human Mb in vivo. We will compare the XAS data from isolated proteins with those found in cells under various conditions associated with normal conditions and those associated with cardiovascular disease. Finally, the recently discovered IDO-2 metabolizes tryptophan, like the well-studied IDO (now known as IDO-1). However, IDO-2, unlike IDO-1, loses its activity when the protein is isolated and purified. XAS will be used to study the structural changes that occur during the isolation procedures in order to ascertain the likely active structure in vivo. This is important as there is mounting evidence that IDO-2 in the kidney has a role in controlling blood pressure and, hence, understanding the nature of the active form and how its activity may be modulated to control blood pressure has many potential applications in the treatment of both low and high blood pressure.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Stanford University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Remesh, Soumya G; Andreatta, Massimo; Ying, Ge et al. (2017) Unconventional Peptide Presentation by Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Class I Allele HLA-A*02:01: BREAKING CONFINEMENT. J Biol Chem 292:5262-5270
VanderLinden, Ryan T; Hemmis, Casey W; Yao, Tingting et al. (2017) Structure and energetics of pairwise interactions between proteasome subunits RPN2, RPN13, and ubiquitin clarify a substrate recruitment mechanism. J Biol Chem 292:9493-9504
Zhang, Haonan; Qiao, Anna; Yang, Dehua et al. (2017) Structure of the full-length glucagon class B G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 546:259-264
Niedzialkowska, Ewa; Mruga?a, Beata; Rugor, Agnieszka et al. (2017) Optimization of overexpression of a chaperone protein of steroid C25 dehydrogenase for biochemical and biophysical characterization. Protein Expr Purif 134:47-62
de Vries, Robert P; Tzarum, Netanel; Peng, Wenjie et al. (2017) A single mutation in Taiwanese H6N1 influenza hemagglutinin switches binding to human-type receptors. EMBO Mol Med 9:1314-1325
Tolbert, William D; Gohain, Neelakshi; Alsahafi, Nirmin et al. (2017) Targeting the Late Stage of HIV-1 Entry for Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity: Structural Basis for Env Epitopes in the C11 Region. Structure 25:1719-1731.e4
Yoon, Chun Hong; DeMirci, Hasan; Sierra, Raymond G et al. (2017) Se-SAD serial femtosecond crystallography datasets from selenobiotinyl-streptavidin. Sci Data 4:170055
Warelow, Thomas P; Pushie, M Jake; Cotelesage, Julien J H et al. (2017) The active site structure and catalytic mechanism of arsenite oxidase. Sci Rep 7:1757
Tzarum, Netanel; de Vries, Robert P; Peng, Wenjie et al. (2017) The 150-Loop Restricts the Host Specificity of Human H10N8 Influenza Virus. Cell Rep 19:235-245
Hettle, Andrew; Fillo, Alexander; Abe, Kento et al. (2017) Properties of a family 56 carbohydrate-binding module and its role in the recognition and hydrolysis of ?-1,3-glucan. J Biol Chem 292:16955-16968

Showing the most recent 10 out of 581 publications