This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The proposed XAS experiments are part of a project aimed at characterizing the reaction mechanisms of two members of the nonheme Fe(II) dioxygenase family of enzymes, AlkB homologue 2 (ABH2, in collaboration with Prof. Max Costa, NYU School of Medicine) and cysteine dioxygenase (CDO). Specifically, we seek to use XAS to elucidate the mechanism by which Ni(II) ions inhibit AlkB and thus produce hypermethylated DNA, which in turn can cause cancer and lead to genetic defects. Second, we seek to understand the role played by cysteine and cysteamine in the redox chemistry of CDO. In the case of ABH2, XAS will provide some of the information regarding the sequential reaction mechanism (binding of a-ketoglutarate, not binding but change the iron geometry upon substrate binding, and oxygen activation) which in comparison with similar data from the Ni(II) complex will lead to a detailed understanding of the reaction mechanism and the mechanism by which Ni(II) inhibits the enzyme. In the case of CDO, the roles of cysteine and cysteamine as reductants and/or ligands will be addressed. By comparing and contrasting the mechanisms of these enzymes, we hope to further the understanding of how nature tunes the active sites of non-heme Fe(II) enzymes in order to catalyze the wide variety of different reactions that is a feature of this enzyme family.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362326
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$2,206
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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