This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Photosystem II (PS II) is a membrane-bound protein complex found in green plants and cyanobacteria, which catalyzes photosynthetic water oxidation and oxygen evolution. Single-electron photo-oxidations of a specialized chlorophyll molecule in the reaction center of PSII are coupled to the four-electron oxidation of water by the water-oxidizing complex (WOC). This complex is composed of four Mn and one Ca bridged by a number of oxygens (Mn4OXCa), and advances through five intermediate states labeled S0-S4 where each transition is completed in about 100 to 1400 ms. Although the WOC has been the subject of numerous biochemical and spectroscopic studies and the static structure has become more clearly resolved, the dynamic changes within the complex during the catalytic turnover and the mechanism of water oxidation remain largely unknown. Although some spectroscopic evidence for the existence of intermediate states, between the S3 and S0 states in the catalytic cycle, have been provided by UV/VIS and x-ray spectroscopic methods, no detailed x-ray spectroscopic characterization of the dynamics during each S-state transition has been undertaken yet. In this proposal we describe experiments for acquisition of time resolved spectra on PS II in the Mn K edge region (XANES) using a step scan approach and in the region of the K x-ray emission lines (XES), using a dispersive optics detection approach to collect the entire spectral information in one shot. We expect the present study will provide important insights into the changes of the charge density distribution and the Mn-ligand interactions within the Mn4OXCa complex during its catalytic cycle, providing conclusions about the possible mechanism of water oxidation and oxygen evolution.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362328
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$18,654
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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