This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Many critical biological reactions occur in or on bilayer membrane surfaces. An important class of such reactions is the interactions between soluble ligands and their cell-surface receptors. Ligand-receptor interactions may be monovalent, as is the case for small peptide ligands, bivalent, as for many large peptide hormones and antibodies, or of even higher valencies. In the latter class are the interactions between many bacterial toxins and their cell-surface receptors. Cholera toxin entry into mammalian cells, for example is mediated by binding of the pentameric B subunit to ganglioside Gm1 in the cell membrane. Notable features of this interaction include a low affinity monovalent interaction between individual B subunits and the carbohydrate moiety of Gm1, a high affinity multivalent interaction between pentameric B subunit with several membrane-bound Gm1 molecules, and the lateral mobility of the Gm1 molecule within the bilayer membrane. We have recently extended our studies on immobilized bialyers to the study of toxin processing in live cells. Using kinetic and temperature controlled flow cytometry, we are investigating the rates and capacities of various internalization pathways in live cells. These results are being used to build and test models of intracellular ligand processing.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001315-30
Application #
8361745
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-CB-K (40))
Project Start
2011-04-01
Project End
2013-03-31
Budget Start
2011-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
30
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$11,187
Indirect Cost
Name
Los Alamos National Lab
Department
Type
DUNS #
175252894
City
Los Alamos
State
NM
Country
United States
Zip Code
87545
Johnson, Leah M; Gao, Lu; Shields IV, C Wyatt et al. (2013) Elastomeric microparticles for acoustic mediated bioseparations. J Nanobiotechnology 11:22
Ai, Ye; Sanders, Claire K; Marrone, Babetta L (2013) Separation of Escherichia coli bacteria from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using standing surface acoustic waves. Anal Chem 85:9126-34
Micheva-Viteva, Sofiya N; Shou, Yulin; Nowak-Lovato, Kristy L et al. (2013) c-KIT signaling is targeted by pathogenic Yersinia to suppress the host immune response. BMC Microbiol 13:249
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Austin Suthanthiraraj, Pearlson P; Piyasena, Menake E; Woods, Travis A et al. (2012) One-dimensional acoustic standing waves in rectangular channels for flow cytometry. Methods 57:259-71
Vuyisich, Momchilo; Sanders, Claire K; Graves, Steven W (2012) Binding and cell intoxication studies of anthrax lethal toxin. Mol Biol Rep 39:5897-903
Chaudhary, Anu; Ganguly, Kumkum; Cabantous, Stephanie et al. (2012) The Brucella TIR-like protein TcpB interacts with the death domain of MyD88. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 417:299-304
Marina, Oana C; Sanders, Claire K; Mourant, Judith R (2012) Effects of acetic acid on light scattering from cells. J Biomed Opt 17:085002-1

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