This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Prion diseases are unique fatal neurodegenerative diseases caused by novel pathogens termed prions. The only component of prions is an abnormal form of a normal cellular protein termed the prion protein (PrP). The normal form (PrPC) is converted to the pathogenic form (PrPSc) by an as yet unidentified posttranslational process. Mass spectrometry is essential for the detailed analysis of small-scale samples of the prion protein isolated from biological tissues, from recombinant sources and from peptide synthesis. One objective is increase the sensitivity for detection of sub-stoichiometric modifications as it is known that one ID50 of infectivity contains tens of thousands of PrP molecules, not all of which are necessarily pathogenic in their own right. It is also necessary to identify possible accessory molecules that might be present in infectious prions. Comparisons are also required between PrPSc from different prion strains to establish whether strain behavior could arise from covalent differences, e.g. in the N-linked oligosaccharides, which might cause cell specific lectins to target a limited range of cell types, resulting in regional distribution of PrPSc. Results obtained so far suggest that the modification of PrPC involved in the formation of PrPSc is likely conformational rather than chemical.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001614-29
Application #
8363722
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-M (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$22
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Pharmacology
Type
Schools of Pharmacy
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
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