This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The dynamic modification of intracellular proteins by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a critical and ubiquitous cell signaling paradigm, regulating substrates'function, localization and stability. Protein OGlcNAcylation controls numerous processes in a wide range of mammalian tissues, and its dysregulation is implicated in human diseases, such as type II diabetes and neurodegeneration. Despite its broad functional significance, major aspects of O-GlcNAc signaling are poorly understood. Specifically, three key questionsremain unanswered: 1. What are the functionally important substrates in pathways that O-GlcNAc regulates? 2.What biochemical effect does O-GlcNAc have on these substrates? 3. How are proteins targeted for signal dependent O-GlcNAcylation? Because O-GlcNAc is a transient post-translational modification not under direct genetic control, these questions are challenging to answer using traditional molecular biology techniques alone. Therefore, we have pioneered chemical biology approaches to studying O-GlcNAc that make use of unnatural sugar reagents and cognate detection probes. We will apply these tools to study the role of O-GlcNAc in regulating two model cell biological processes: the DNA damage response and mitochondrial metabolism. Importantly, the identification of glycosylation sites on O-GlcNAc targets is critical for understanding the role of the modification in both processes. The UCSF Mass Spectrometry Facilty will provide vital expertise and collaborative resources for identifying O-GlcNAcylation sites on proteins of interest. Together, the project will exploit both novel chemical methods and mass spectrometry to dissect the functional role of O-GlcNAc in mammalian cell physiology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001614-29
Application #
8363825
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-M (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$3,330
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Pharmacology
Type
Schools of Pharmacy
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
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