This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The dynamic modification of intracellular proteins by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a critical and ubiquitous cell signaling paradigm, regulating substrates'function, localization and stability. Protein OGlcNAcylation controls numerous processes in a wide range of mammalian tissues, and its dysregulation is implicated in human diseases, such as type II diabetes and neurodegeneration. Despite its broad functional significance, major aspects of O-GlcNAc signaling are poorly understood. Specifically, three key questionsremain unanswered: 1. What are the functionally important substrates in pathways that O-GlcNAc regulates? 2.What biochemical effect does O-GlcNAc have on these substrates? 3. How are proteins targeted for signal dependent O-GlcNAcylation? Because O-GlcNAc is a transient post-translational modification not under direct genetic control, these questions are challenging to answer using traditional molecular biology techniques alone. Therefore, we have pioneered chemical biology approaches to studying O-GlcNAc that make use of unnatural sugar reagents and cognate detection probes. We will apply these tools to study the role of O-GlcNAc in regulating two model cell biological processes: the DNA damage response and mitochondrial metabolism. Importantly, the identification of glycosylation sites on O-GlcNAc targets is critical for understanding the role of the modification in both processes. The UCSF Mass Spectrometry Facilty will provide vital expertise and collaborative resources for identifying O-GlcNAcylation sites on proteins of interest. Together, the project will exploit both novel chemical methods and mass spectrometry to dissect the functional role of O-GlcNAc in mammalian cell physiology.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-M (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California San Francisco
Schools of Pharmacy
San Francisco
United States
Zip Code
Liu, Tzu-Yu; Huang, Hector H; Wheeler, Diamond et al. (2017) Time-Resolved Proteomics Extends Ribosome Profiling-Based Measurements of Protein Synthesis Dynamics. Cell Syst 4:636-644.e9
Twiss, Jeffery L; Fainzilber, Mike (2016) Neuroproteomics: How Many Angels can be Identified in an Extract from the Head of a Pin? Mol Cell Proteomics 15:341-3
Bikle, Daniel D (2016) Extraskeletal actions of vitamin D. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1376:29-52
Julien, Olivier; Zhuang, Min; Wiita, Arun P et al. (2016) Quantitative MS-based enzymology of caspases reveals distinct protein substrate specificities, hierarchies, and cellular roles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E2001-10
Bongrand, Clotilde; Koch, Eric J; Moriano-Gutierrez, Silvia et al. (2016) A genomic comparison of 13 symbiotic Vibrio fischeri isolates from the perspective of their host source and colonization behavior. ISME J 10:2907-2917
Cil, Onur; Phuan, Puay-Wah; Lee, Sujin et al. (2016) CFTR activator increases intestinal fluid secretion and normalizes stool output in a mouse model of constipation. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:317-327
Kintzer, Alexander F; Stroud, Robert M (2016) Structure, inhibition and regulation of two-pore channel TPC1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 531:258-62
Bradshaw, J Michael; McFarland, Jesse M; Paavilainen, Ville O et al. (2015) Prolonged and tunable residence time using reversible covalent kinase inhibitors. Nat Chem Biol 11:525-31
Bikle, Daniel D (2014) Vitamin D metabolism, mechanism of action, and clinical applications. Chem Biol 21:319-29
Correia, Maria Almira; Wang, YongQiang; Kim, Sung-Mi et al. (2014) Hepatic cytochrome P450 ubiquitination: conformational phosphodegrons for E2/E3 recognition? IUBMB Life 66:78-88

Showing the most recent 10 out of 625 publications