This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. A switch to anaerobic metabolism and a resultant local increase in lactate is noted in the malignant progression of most cancers. The associated increase in glucose uptake to compensate for the inefficient anaerobic metabolism is the basis for detection of tumor metastasis by 2-flouorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). It is hoped that improvements in the MRI detection of lactate will give the same information as FDG-PET without the need for radioactive tracers. Currently, two challenges stand in the way of MRI detection of lactate, the low signal produced fromlactate and the difficulties in separating fat signal from lactate signal. The selective multiple quantum coherence (Sel-MQC) technique offers several advantages over other sequences. Without going into technical detail, this sequence offers promise for the clinical detection of lactate by full separation of fat and lactate signals as well as optimization of lactate signal strength. While single slice versions and very recently a 3-dimensional version of this technique have been used for small animals, rarely is lactate editing realized on clinical scanners. To the goal of clinical utilization of MRI detection of lactate for tumor detection, we have recently demonstrated 3D Sel-MQC lactate imaging with clinical hardware. This research is currently being applied to the detection of lactate in a variety of pathologic/physiologic conditions in vivo.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR002305-27
Application #
8361957
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-Q (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
27
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$7,688
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Pennsylvania
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
042250712
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
Pang, Henry; Bow, Cora; Cheung, Jason Pui Yin et al. (2017) The UTE Disc Sign on MRI: A Novel Imaging Biomarker Associated With Degenerative Spine Changes, Low Back Pain and Disability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) :
Ercan, Altan; Kohrt, Wendy M; Cui, Jing et al. (2017) Estrogens regulate glycosylation of IgG in women and men. JCI Insight 2:e89703
Yadav, Santosh K; Kathiresan, Nagarajan; Mohan, Suyash et al. (2016) Gender-based analysis of cortical thickness and structural connectivity in Parkinson's disease. J Neurol 263:2308-2318
Xie, Long; Dolui, Sudipto; Das, Sandhitsu R et al. (2016) A brain stress test: Cerebral perfusion during memory encoding in mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage Clin 11:388-97
Rosenbaum, Michael; Leibel, Rudolph L (2016) Models of energy homeostasis in response to maintenance of reduced body weight. Obesity (Silver Spring) 24:1620-9
Finkelstein, Joel S; Lee, Hang; Leder, Benjamin Z et al. (2016) Gonadal steroid-dependent effects on bone turnover and bone mineral density in men. J Clin Invest 126:1114-25
Machida, Manabu; Panasyuk, George Y; Wang, Zheng-Min et al. (2016) Radiative transport and optical tomography with large datasets. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 33:551-8
Ban, H Y; Schweiger, M; Kavuri, V C et al. (2016) Heterodyne frequency-domain multispectral diffuse optical tomography of breast cancer in the parallel-plane transmission geometry. Med Phys 43:4383
Wang, Ping; Xue, Yiqun; Zhao, Xia et al. (2015) Effects of flip angle uncertainty and noise on the accuracy of DCE-MRI metrics: comparison between standard concentration-based and signal difference methods. Magn Reson Imaging 33:166-73
Franklin, Teresa R; Jagannathan, Kanchana; Wetherill, Reagan R et al. (2015) Influence of menstrual cycle phase on neural and craving responses to appetitive smoking cues in naturally cycling females. Nicotine Tob Res 17:390-7

Showing the most recent 10 out of 412 publications