This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The geomagnetic field is an omnipresent source of information for magneto sensitive organisms. Birds, fish, and other animals are known to detect the direction and intensity of the local magnetic field. There are two hypotheses for the primary process underlying magnetic sensitivity;one involves magnetite and the other a magnetically sensitive photochemical reaction. In the second one, light induces an electron transfer from a photoreceptor in a radical pair sensitive to external magnetic filed. Very recently, the flavin photoreceptor cryptochrome has emerged as a promising photo-magnetoreceptor candidate. Based on their known photocycling, there are several putative magnetically sensitive reactions of the cryptochrome. The first of these reactions involves the excitation of the flavin by light to form its excited state which takes an electron to a nearby tryptophan to initiate a chain of intramolecular electron transfer to the surface of the protein. Modeling suggests that magnetic field effect occurs on this reaction cascade. The objective of the experiments is to determine whether the purified protein is directly sensitive to applied magnetic fields. Therefore, lights and magnetic field are applied and the photocycle of the cryptochrome is followed directly using the spectrophotometer and fluorometer available in the Laboratory for Fluorescence Dynamics.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
2P41RR003155-26
Application #
8365766
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
2011-08-20
Project End
2012-06-30
Budget Start
2011-08-20
Budget End
2012-06-30
Support Year
26
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$12,090
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Irvine
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
046705849
City
Irvine
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92697
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Digiacomo, Luca; Digman, Michelle A; Gratton, Enrico et al. (2016) Development of an image Mean Square Displacement (iMSD)-based method as a novel approach to study the intracellular trafficking of nanoparticles. Acta Biomater 42:189-198
Malacrida, Leonel; Astrada, Soledad; Briva, Arturo et al. (2016) Spectral phasor analysis of LAURDAN fluorescence in live A549 lung cells to study the hydration and time evolution of intracellular lamellar body-like structures. Biochim Biophys Acta 1858:2625-2635
Chen, Hongtao; Gratton, Enrico; Digman, Michelle A (2016) Self-assisted optothermal trapping of gold nanorods under two-photon excitation. Methods Appl Fluoresc 4:035003
Golfetto, Ottavia; Hinde, Elizabeth; Gratton, Enrico (2015) The Laurdan spectral phasor method to explore membrane micro-heterogeneity and lipid domains in live cells. Methods Mol Biol 1232:273-90
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Scarlata, Suzanne; Golebiewska, Urszula (2014) Linking alpha-synuclein properties with oxidation: a hypothesis on a mechanism underling cellular aggregation. J Bioenerg Biomembr 46:93-8
Pang, Yan Ling Joy; Poruri, Kiranmai; Martinis, Susan A (2014) tRNA synthetase: tRNA aminoacylation and beyond. Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA 5:461-80
Sharma, Himanshu; Digman, Michelle A; Felsinger, Natasha et al. (2014) Enhanced emission of fluorophores on shrink-induced wrinkled composite structures. Opt Mater Express 4:753-763

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