This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Terminal study with these animals could be performed under our protocol entitled """"""""Mapping the Rodent Brain with MR Microscopy."""""""", A125-04-04 approved 04/22/04. This protocol would have to be modified for survival studies. However, as I understand, animals leaving CCIF cannot be returned. Additionally, being nude mice they are immuno-compromised. For starters, they could be brought over here and imaged the same day then sacrificed. The goal of this study is to perform in vivo MR permeability studies to assess the correlation of BBB permeability with tumor size and rate of tumor growth in a mouse xenograft brain tumor model. Congenitally athymic nude mice will be injected with an intracranial human glioblastoma multiforme xenograft. We have demonstrated that the increase in blood-tumor barrier permeability correlates with intracranial tumor size and that there is marked heterogeneity in permeability within each xenograft tumor as well as between xenograft tumors. The tumor core in the xenograft mouse model is characterized by the highest tumor permeability which inversely correlates with the distance from the tumor. The pilot study will image these mice using MRI (7T) between days 10-15 post injection of the xenograft using an MR contrast agent (ProHance) injected via a tail vein under anesthesia. Following the MRI, standard quantitative permeability measurements will be performed using 14C labeled AIB (ARC 145B-aminoisobutyric acid) in the CCIF which will validate the MR permeability data. For these pilot studies, we will use the xenograft tumor that is rapidly growing (GBM 270) and with a high blood-tumor barrier permeability. It remains unknown how the blood-tumor barrier permeability changes with increased tumor size. In addition, the ability to image the modulation of the blood-brain and blood-tumor barrier permeability has tremendous translational appeal for predicting tumor-specific drug delivery and for validating molecular vascular targeting strategies to treat brain tumors.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
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Duke University
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