This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. This project concerns the regulation of ion-channel function by G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling to membrane lipids. It focuses on the hypothesis that the function of many ion channels depends on the concentration of one rare phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) in the plasma membrane. The kinetics of signaling steps from M1 muscarinic receptors to phospholipase C will be measured to test the hypothesis that they are fast, perhaps reflecting a preformed signaling complex. The kinetics of the metabolic steps that deplete and replenish PIP2 will be measured to understand the cellular sources and dynamics of PIP2. All results will be fitted with a comprehensive kinetic model to provide additional information on the mechanisms of the signaling cascade. The ability of PIP2 concentration changes and muscarinic signaling to modulate function of KCNQ channels and voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (CaV channels) will be studied. The methods will include patch-clamp electrophysiology, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, dynamic targeting of enzymes to cellular membranes, confocal microscopy, and chemical analysis. Analysis and interpretation of these experiments will be facilitated with the Virtual Cell modeling and simulation software. Most of the studies will be done on cell lines. This work lays the basis for understanding hormonal control of mental state and the actions of many drugs of biological psychiatry and of drugs of abuse.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR013186-14
Application #
8362510
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-CB-L (40))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$10,544
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Connecticut
Department
Anatomy/Cell Biology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
022254226
City
Farmington
State
CT
Country
United States
Zip Code
06030
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