This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Neurogenesis is known to occur in specific regions of the adult animal brain, but the extent and comparability of neurogenesis in the adult human brain is much harder to determine, and to date largely unknown. Traditional methods used for dating cells are limited in the information they provide, or are not appropriate for human use. Thus, currently there is no method available to study cellular turnover in man. We propose to develop a method for the retrospective birth dating of cells. We are interested in using bomb pulse carbon-14 (C14) dating as a method for measuring the approximate age of specific populations of cells in the adult human brain. This method is based on establishing the proportion of the isotope C14 in genomic DNA. C14 measurements will be made using the highly sensitive accelerator mass spectrometer (AMS). After a cell has terminally differentiated it does not divide again. Since the last cell division represents the last time point when the cell synthesized DNA, its chromosomal DNA will reflect the age when the cell was born. Traditionally, the slow decay of C14 relative to other carbon species has given it a temporal resolution of many years, however due to nuclear tests in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the level of C14 in the atmosphere has increased dramatically. This level has since dropped off in an exponential fashion, allowing one to resolve C14 differences in the range of years. Because DNA has a C14 content reflective of the time when it was synthesized, establishing the C14 content of chromosomal DNA will enable us to retrospectively birth date cells, and thus establish cellular turnover. Crucial to the understanding of basic biological processes, is information about cellular turnover. As well as having an interest in normal cellular turnover, many diseases are thought to be affected in their generation of new cells. Information about cellular turnover in disease states may provide novel insights into the pathological processes of the disease, and possibly suggest new therapeutic strategies. Particular populations of cells will then be isolated using FACS analysis (which allows specific cell populations to be isolated e.g. one can sort for neurons using neuronal specific markers such as NeuN). The technique has also been applied to cardiomyocytes and adipocytes. We are investigating the turnover of lipids within adipocytes also. The use of enamel as a forensic tool to establish date of birth has been under investigation the past couple years.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR013461-13
Application #
8362753
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$117,025
Indirect Cost
Name
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Department
Biology
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
827171463
City
Livermore
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94550
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