This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. 2D ELDOR is a pulsed ESR technique that supplies greatly increased resolution to motional dynamics and local structure of biomolecules, such as membrane lipids and proteins, compared to conventional cw ESR techniques. In a recent study of the effect of the ion-channel forming peptide, gramicidin A, (GA) on model membrane structures, we could clearly distinguish and study the properties of both the boundary lipids that coat GA and the bulk lipids. That study at 17 GHz, however, indicated that higher frequency studies are needed, due to the increased orientational resolution they can provide. This enables better discrimination of the details of the ordering and dynamics. We have now extended the capabilities of our new high-power pulsed 95 GHz spectrometer to enable the study of spin-labeled lipids, such as the cholesterol analogue, CSL, and spin-labeled GA (GASL). The great challenges at 95 GHz are to have a sufficiently wide spectral coverage (as much as 350 MHz) to obtain the full nitroxide spin-label spectrum, and to have sufficiently short dead-times in view of the shortened T2 relaxation times at higher frequencies. We have succeeded, in particular, with macroscopically aligned membrane samples. Spectra have been obtained from GASL in aligned DPPC membranes just below room temperature. Using the new microtome technique, it was possible to obtain spectra for several orientations of the membrane normal with respect to the dc magnetic field. The parallel orientation shows the predominance of the molecular z- orientation, consistent with the way the GA aligns in DPPC. When the membrane is tilted perpendicular to the dc magnetic field, spectral contributions from the molecular x and y orientations become more pronounced as expected for such an aligned sample. What is of particular interest is that the 2D-ELDOR spectral patterns change with mixing time, Tm. This is a clear indication that these 2D-ELDOR spectra are showing slow-motional effects. That is, the various dynamic spin packet contributions to the spectrum are relaxing at different rates, leading to significant spectral changes with Tm. These results are expected to provide insight into the detailed dynamics of GA in the membranes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Cornell University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Jain, Rinku; Vanamee, Eva S; Dzikovski, Boris G et al. (2014) An iron-sulfur cluster in the polymerase domain of yeast DNA polymerase ?. J Mol Biol 426:301-8
Pratt, Ashley J; Shin, David S; Merz, Gregory E et al. (2014) Aggregation propensities of superoxide dismutase G93 hotspot mutants mirror ALS clinical phenotypes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E4568-76
Georgieva, Elka R; Borbat, Peter P; Ginter, Christopher et al. (2013) Conformational ensemble of the sodium-coupled aspartate transporter. Nat Struct Mol Biol 20:215-21
Airola, Michael V; Sukomon, Nattakan; Samanta, Dipanjan et al. (2013) HAMP domain conformers that propagate opposite signals in bacterial chemoreceptors. PLoS Biol 11:e1001479
Airola, Michael V; Huh, Doowon; Sukomon, Nattakan et al. (2013) Architecture of the soluble receptor Aer2 indicates an in-line mechanism for PAS and HAMP domain signaling. J Mol Biol 425:886-901
Sun, Yan; Zhang, Ziwei; Grigoryants, Vladimir M et al. (2012) The internal dynamics of mini c TAR DNA probed by electron paramagnetic resonance of nitroxide spin-labels at the lower stem, the loop, and the bulge. Biochemistry 51:8530-41
Yu, Renyuan Pony; Darmon, Jonathan M; Hoyt, Jordan M et al. (2012) High-Activity Iron Catalysts for the Hydrogenation of Hindered, Unfunctionalized Alkenes. ACS Catal 2:1760-1764
Dzikovski, Boris; Tipikin, Dmitriy; Freed, Jack (2012) Conformational distributions and hydrogen bonding in gel and frozen lipid bilayers: a high frequency spin-label ESR study. J Phys Chem B 116:6694-706
Gaffney, Betty J; Bradshaw, Miles D; Frausto, Stephen D et al. (2012) Locating a lipid at the portal to the lipoxygenase active site. Biophys J 103:2134-44
Maeda, Kiminori; Lodge, Matthew T J; Harmer, Jeffrey et al. (2012) Electron tunneling in lithium-ammonia solutions probed by frequency-dependent electron spin relaxation studies. J Am Chem Soc 134:9209-18

Showing the most recent 10 out of 72 publications