This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. HIV-1 protease (HIV PR) is an aspartic protease that is essential for the life-cycle of HIV. HIV PR cleaves newly synthesized polyproteins at the appropriate places to create the mature protein components of an infectious HIV virion. Without effective HIV PR, HIV virions remain uninfectious. Thus, mutation of HIV PR's active site or inhibition of its activity disrupts HIV's ability to replicate and infect additional cells, making HIV PR inhibition the subject of much pharmaceutical research. High Field ESR studies were undertaken of HIV PR in order to better resolve flap dynamics of the PR in inhibited and non-inhibited forms, using a variety of popular spin labels. Of the spin labels tried, MSL showed resolvable differences in the flap dynamics of inhibited and non-inhibited forms of HIV PR at 240 GHz. At lower frequencies, none of the spin labels allowed resolution of a difference in flap dynamics. Given that the 240 GHz results using MSL allow one to resolve details of the flap dynamics, and thus act as a 'fingerprint'for effective HIV PR inhibition or non-inhibition, further studies on drug-resistant strains and different inhibitors at 240 GHz are planned.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
2P41RR016292-11
Application #
8364010
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
2011-09-01
Project End
2012-08-31
Budget Start
2011-09-01
Budget End
2012-08-31
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$17,559
Indirect Cost
Name
Cornell University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
872612445
City
Ithaca
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
14850
Jain, Rinku; Vanamee, Eva S; Dzikovski, Boris G et al. (2014) An iron-sulfur cluster in the polymerase domain of yeast DNA polymerase ?. J Mol Biol 426:301-8
Pratt, Ashley J; Shin, David S; Merz, Gregory E et al. (2014) Aggregation propensities of superoxide dismutase G93 hotspot mutants mirror ALS clinical phenotypes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E4568-76
Georgieva, Elka R; Borbat, Peter P; Ginter, Christopher et al. (2013) Conformational ensemble of the sodium-coupled aspartate transporter. Nat Struct Mol Biol 20:215-21
Airola, Michael V; Sukomon, Nattakan; Samanta, Dipanjan et al. (2013) HAMP domain conformers that propagate opposite signals in bacterial chemoreceptors. PLoS Biol 11:e1001479
Airola, Michael V; Huh, Doowon; Sukomon, Nattakan et al. (2013) Architecture of the soluble receptor Aer2 indicates an in-line mechanism for PAS and HAMP domain signaling. J Mol Biol 425:886-901
Sun, Yan; Zhang, Ziwei; Grigoryants, Vladimir M et al. (2012) The internal dynamics of mini c TAR DNA probed by electron paramagnetic resonance of nitroxide spin-labels at the lower stem, the loop, and the bulge. Biochemistry 51:8530-41
Yu, Renyuan Pony; Darmon, Jonathan M; Hoyt, Jordan M et al. (2012) High-Activity Iron Catalysts for the Hydrogenation of Hindered, Unfunctionalized Alkenes. ACS Catal 2:1760-1764
Dzikovski, Boris; Tipikin, Dmitriy; Freed, Jack (2012) Conformational distributions and hydrogen bonding in gel and frozen lipid bilayers: a high frequency spin-label ESR study. J Phys Chem B 116:6694-706
Gaffney, Betty J; Bradshaw, Miles D; Frausto, Stephen D et al. (2012) Locating a lipid at the portal to the lipoxygenase active site. Biophys J 103:2134-44
Maeda, Kiminori; Lodge, Matthew T J; Harmer, Jeffrey et al. (2012) Electron tunneling in lithium-ammonia solutions probed by frequency-dependent electron spin relaxation studies. J Am Chem Soc 134:9209-18

Showing the most recent 10 out of 72 publications