Support is requested to continue human health-oriented research on risks from exposure to chemicals commonly found in Superfund sites and on remediation technologies to eliminate the potential for exposure to chemicals from those sites. The pollutants under investigation are a subclass of chemicals belonging to the halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon family that bind and activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR).These chemicals, which include chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyls and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are environmentally persistent lipid soluble compounds that accumulate in the food chain and lead to human and wildlife exposure. A highly integrated, multidisciplinary research program is proposed consisting of seven research projects and four supporting core units. The research team of 27 investigators includes faculty at Michigan State University (20), CUT Centers for Health Research (4), Rutgers (2), and Purdue University (1). The central overarching theme of the proposed new program is to define specific aspects of environmental, microbial and mammalian biomolecular responses to environmental contaminants that act as ligands for the AhR. The major research thrusts are in three areas: (1) characterizing the diversity of dehalogenases and oxygenase gene sequences in microbial populations indigenous to soils, sediments and groundwater that metabolize AhR ligands;(2) defining the geochemical parameters governing adsorbtion, bioavailability and long-term fate of AhR ligands through interactions with clays;and(3) elucidation and computational modeling of the biochemical pathways and their interactions with the ligand-activated AhR, which cause altered responses in the liver and the immune system, specifically in Bcells. Two major goals of the new program are to characterize molecular mechanisms of AhR ligand interactions with specific abiotic and biotic processes and to develop new tools that can be used to more accurately estimate the fate, microbial biotransformation and human risk associated with AhR ligands contaminating the environment. Two support core facilities will assist the biomedical projects, one in the areas of bioinformatics and a second in developing dynamic computational models of mammalian biological responses induced by AhR ligands. A third core facility will provide support for the non-biomedical projects in three areas related to analysis of microbial-derived enzymes: microarray development and enhancement, automated bioinformatics analysis of PCR product sequences and biodegradative gene clusters, and high throughput screening and sequencing. In addition, a Research Translation core will communicate important research findings and outcomes emanating from the program to appropriate target audiences in government, industry and academia.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Hazardous Substances Basic Research Grants Program (NIEHS) (P42)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZES1-SET-A (P9))
Program Officer
Henry, Heather F
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Michigan State University
Schools of Veterinary Medicine
East Lansing
United States
Zip Code
Stedtfeld, Robert D; Stedtfeld, Tiffany M; Waseem, Hassen et al. (2017) Isothermal assay targeting class 1 integrase gene for environmental surveillance of antibiotic resistance markers. J Environ Manage 198:213-220
Fader, Kelly A; Nault, Rance; Zhang, Chen et al. (2017) 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-elicited effects on bile acid homeostasis: Alterations in biosynthesis, enterohepatic circulation, and microbial metabolism. Sci Rep 7:5921
Waseem, Hassan; Williams, Maggie R; Stedtfeld, Tiffany et al. (2017) Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective. Environ Sci Process Impacts 19:247-260
Fader, Kelly A; Nault, Rance; Kirby, Mathew P et al. (2017) Convergence of hepcidin deficiency, systemic iron overloading, heme accumulation, and REV-ERB?/? activation in aryl hydrocarbon receptor-elicited hepatotoxicity. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 321:1-17
Kovalova, Natalia; Nault, Rance; Crawford, Robert et al. (2017) Comparative analysis of TCDD-induced AhR-mediated gene expression in human, mouse and rat primary B cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 316:95-106
Samhan, Farag A; Stedtfeld, Tiffany M; Waseem, Hassan et al. (2017) On-filter direct amplification of Legionella pneumophila for rapid assessment of its abundance and viability. Water Res 121:162-170
Li, Jinpeng; Bhattacharya, Sudin; Zhou, Jiajun et al. (2017) Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Activation Suppresses EBF1 and PAX5 and Impairs Human B Lymphopoiesis. J Immunol 199:3504-3515
Stedtfeld, Robert D; Brett Sallach, J; Crawford, Robert B et al. (2017) TCDD administered on activated carbon eliminates bioavailability and subsequent shifts to a key murine gut commensal. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 101:7409-7415
Dornbos, Peter; LaPres, John J (2017) Incorporating population-level genetic variability within laboratory models in toxicology: From the individual to the population. Toxicology 395:1-8
Ahmad, Farhan; Stedtfeld, Robert D; Waseem, Hassan et al. (2017) Most probable number - loop mediated isothermal amplification (MPN-LAMP) for quantifying waterborne pathogens in <25min. J Microbiol Methods 132:27-33

Showing the most recent 10 out of 390 publications