(Community Engagement Core - Gaetke, Ormsbee) Responding to community needs, UK-SRC's Community Engagement Core (CEC) has provided support and guidance through critical information on nutrition and environmental issues to meet the needs of individuals and communities affected by environmental pollutants. This purpose is underscored through the title of its activities, Superfund Community Action through Nutrition (SCAN). During previous funding, the CEC established a close collaboration with community groups in eastern and western Kentucky, and SCAN activities, endorsed by these two communities, provided a new service resource for nutrition and scientific information.
The aim of SCAN is to empower affected individuals and communities to take proactive steps toward their own health by drawing on the strength of the nutrition-related research from the UK-SRC.
The specific aims of the CEC include: 1) establish trust with and assess the needs of affected individuals and communities with consideration of sensitive issues at the previously established site in Appalachia and a newly established third site in central Kentucky;2) engage individuals, communties, health professionals, trusted community leaders, Kentucky Cooperative Extension agents, Environmental Protection Agency and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry personnel, and other partners to work together through bidirectional exchanges to guarantee effective communication and to build capacity in the affected communities to foster community participatory processes;3) inform and translate the research information from UK-SRC researchers through community-requested activities developed by Registered Dietitians (RDs), and to evaluate outcome measures that demonstrate community sustainability and improved knowledge, attitudes, and health behaviors of the nutrition and environmental health focus;and 4) provide related community feedback, outcomes, and evaluations to UK-SRC's nutrition and environmental researchers in order to refine and develop safe, evidenced-based nutrition and environmental health strategies that reduce the toxicity of PCB's and related compounds and improve public health. Exposure to Superfund chemicals has been shown to affect public health by contributing to an increased risk for chronic diseases especially in combination with poor diet. Through collaboration with the community and community partners, the CEC's SCAN activities will empower affected individuals to make more informed decisions about their diet and health and will improve nutrition and environmental health knowledge and behaviors to serve all interested individuals, families, and communities and thereby enhance public health.

Public Health Relevance

(Community Engagement Core - Gaetke, Ormsbee) Exposure to Superfund chemicals contributes to an increased risk for chronic diseases, especially in combination with poor diet. Kentucky has an increased prevalence of hazardous waste sites, chronic diseases, and poor lifestyle choices. In response to exposed Kentucky community requests, nutrition may be one method to improve health status and behavior and advance public health.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Hazardous Substances Basic Research Grants Program (NIEHS) (P42)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZES1-LKB-K (S))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Kentucky
United States
Zip Code
Hofe, Carolyn R; Feng, Limin; Zephyr, Dominique et al. (2014) Fruit and vegetable intake, as reflected by serum carotenoid concentrations, predicts reduced probability of polychlorinated biphenyl-associated risk for type 2 diabetes: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004. Nutr Res 34:285-93
Xiao, Li; Isner, Austin; Waldrop, Krysta et al. (2014) Development of Bench and Full-Scale Temperature and pH Responsive Functionalized PVDF Membranes with Tunable Properties. J Memb Sci 457:39-49
Narbonne, Jean-François; Robertson, Larry W (2014) 7th International PCB Workshop: Chemical mixtures in a complex world. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 21:6269-75
Petriello, Michael C; Newsome, Bradley J; Dziubla, Thomas D et al. (2014) Modulation of persistent organic pollutant toxicity through nutritional intervention: emerging opportunities in biomedicine and environmental remediation. Sci Total Environ 491-492:11-6
Newsome, Bradley J; Petriello, Michael C; Han, Sung Gu et al. (2014) Green tea diet decreases PCB 126-induced oxidative stress in mice by up-regulating antioxidant enzymes. J Nutr Biochem 25:126-35
Eske, Katryn; Newsome, Bradley; Han, Sung Gu et al. (2014) PCB 77 dechlorination products modulate pro-inflammatory events in vascular endothelial cells. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 21:6354-64
Petriello, Michael C; Han, Sung Gu; Newsome, Bradley J et al. (2014) PCB 126 toxicity is modulated by cross-talk between caveolae and Nrf2 signaling. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 277:192-9
Równicka-Zubik, Joanna; Su?kowski, Leszek; Toborek, Michal (2014) Interactions of PCBs with human serum albumin: in vitro spectroscopic study. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 124:632-7
Hernández, Sebastián; Papp, Joseph K; Bhattacharyya, Dibakar (2014) Iron-Based Redox Polymerization of Acrylic Acid for Direct Synthesis of Hydrogel/Membranes, and Metal Nanoparticles for Water Treatment. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:1130-1142
Petriello, Michael C; Newsome, Bradley; Hennig, Bernhard (2014) Influence of nutrition in PCB-induced vascular inflammation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 21:6410-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 174 publications