Community Engagement Core: Tribal-University Evaluation of Chemical Exposures to Improve Community Health The Community Engagement Core will facilitate collaborations among OSU researchers and Native American Tribes in the Pacific Northwest to address Tribal concerns regarding exposure to chemicals in their environment, with a focus on understanding exposure pathways to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Our community partners are the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, and the Samish Indian Nation. Tribal communities experience exposure to PAHs and many chemicals on the CERCLA priority list from diverse sources: they reside on reservations impacted by hazardous waste sites, they collect subsistence foods from contaminated waterways, and they gather traditional foods from contaminated lands. Housing characteristics and traditional practices such as smoking foods also contribute to their chemical exposures. The cumulative exposures from these unique pathways may increase the risk of environmentally-related disease. It is critically important that Tribal communities understand these exposures and develop culturally appropriate responses and risk reduction strategies because they cannot move from their homelands to avoid contaminants and they cannot give up their culture or their religion. In turn, the research community must develop the cultural capacity to work with Tribal communities according to the principles of community-based research.
The specific aims of the Community Engagement Core are to: 1) address CTUIR concerns regarding their environmental exposures, build Tribal capacity to measure environmental pollutants, and develop risk reduction strategies that will improve health without adversely affecting cultural practices;2) build tribal capacity in analytical methods used by the CTUIR and help both the Swinomish Tribal Indian Community and the Samish Indian Nation to improve their understanding of PAH and other chemical exposures;3) collaborate with other SRP Centers, EPA regional offices, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease, the Office of Tribal Affairs, and other stakeholders to disseminate our research findings and the principles of community-based environmental health research with tribal populations that reside on contaminated lands.
Core E will build scientific capacity in Tribal communities and cultural capacity within the research community. We will improve risk assessment models by accounting for tribal land-use scenarios and unique exposure pathways. By translating this knowledge into effective and appropriate risk reduction strategies, we will reduce environmental disparities and improve the health of Pacific Northwest Tribes.
|Madeen, Erin; Corley, Richard A; Crowell, Susan et al. (2015) Human in Vivo Pharmacokinetics of [(14)C]Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Following Oral Microdosing. Chem Res Toxicol 28:126-34|
|O'Connell, Steven G; Kincl, Laurel D; Anderson, Kim A (2014) Silicone wristbands as personal passive samplers. Environ Sci Technol 48:3327-35|
|O'Connell, Steven G; McCartney, Melissa A; Paulik, L Blair et al. (2014) Improvements in pollutant monitoring: optimizing silicone for co-deployment with polyethylene passive sampling devices. Environ Pollut 193:71-8|
|Kile, Molly L; Coker, Eric S; Smit, Ellen et al. (2014) A cross-sectional study of the association between ventilation of gas stoves and chronic respiratory illness in U.S. children enrolled in NHANESIII. Environ Health 13:71|
|Crowell, S R; Hanson-Drury, S; Williams, D E et al. (2014) In vitro metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene and dibenzo[def,p]chrysene in rodent and human hepatic microsomes. Toxicol Lett 228:48-55|
|Jariyasopit, Narumol; Zimmermann, Kathryn; Schrlau, Jill et al. (2014) Heterogeneous reactions of particulate matter-bound PAHs and NPAHs with NO3/N2O5, OH radicals, and O3 under simulated long-range atmospheric transport conditions: reactivity and mutagenicity. Environ Sci Technol 48:10155-64|
|Forsberg, Norman D; O'Connell, Steven G; Allan, Sarah E et al. (2014) Passive sampling coupled to ultraviolet irradiation: a useful analytical approach for studying oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in bioavailable mixtures. Environ Toxicol Chem 33:177-81|
|Hillwalker, Wendy E; Anderson, Kim A (2014) Bioaccessibility of metals in alloys: evaluation of three surrogate biofluids. Environ Pollut 185:52-8|
|Jariyasopit, Narumol; McIntosh, Melissa; Zimmermann, Kathryn et al. (2014) Novel nitro-PAH formation from heterogeneous reactions of PAHs with NO2, NO3/N2O5, and OH radicals: prediction, laboratory studies, and mutagenicity. Environ Sci Technol 48:412-9|
|Bugel, Sean M; Bonventre, Josephine A; White, Lori A et al. (2014) Chronic exposure of killifish to a highly polluted environment desensitizes estrogen-responsive reproductive and biomarker genes. Aquat Toxicol 152:222-31|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 61 publications