The objective of Project 4 is to determine the principal fate and transport processes for the release, mobility, persistence, and possible pathways of mixtures of organic contaminants toward potential exposures and/or remediation zones in karst groundwater systems. The Project will use Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) as a model semipolar organic and trichloroethylene (TCE) as a model nonpolar organic. The project will determine the major mechanisms influencing the fate and transport of DEHP and TCE in karst groundwater characterized by variable conduit and/or diffusion dominated flow;assess the effect of trapped and mobile non-aqueous TCE on the fate and transport of dissolved DEHP;assess potential contamination pathways and exposure through the karstic groundwater system in northern Puerto Rico;and explore the mechanisms for potential release and leaching of DEHP contaminants from unlined landfills into karst groundwater systems. Specific alms will be attained through defined experimental activities, which Involve data evaluation and integration at the hydrogeophysical system level and physical modeling of potential contaminant sources and fate and transport processes at the laboratory-scale level.
The research will Improve the ability for assessing the migration of contaminants in karstic ground-water systems, and, ultimately, predict and minimize the potential for exposure of these pollutants to humans and ecosystems. With the gained knowledge, accurate methods can be developed to predict potential human exposure and effective strategies can be established to protect public health and the environment. In the United States, 40% of groundwater used for drinking comes from karst aquifers.
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|Wang, Poguang; Giese, Roger W (2018) Interpretation of Mass Spectral Data for the Cisplatin 1,2 Intrastrand Guanine-Guanine Adduct. Chem Res Toxicol 31:1106-1107|
|Hojabri, Shirin; Rajic, Ljiljana; Alshawabkeh, Akram N (2018) Transient reactive transport model for physico-chemical transformation by electrochemical reactive barriers. J Hazard Mater 358:171-177|
|Ferguson, Kelly K; Kamai, Elizabeth M; Cantonwine, David E et al. (2018) Associations between repeated ultrasound measures of fetal growth and biomarkers of maternal oxidative stress and inflammation in pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol 80:e13017|
|Elkin, Elana R; Harris, Sean M; Loch-Caruso, Rita (2018) Trichloroethylene metabolite S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-l-cysteine induces lipid peroxidation-associated apoptosis via the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways in a first-trimester placental cell line. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 338:30-42|
|Aker, Amira M; Johns, Lauren; McElrath, Thomas F et al. (2018) Associations between maternal phenol and paraben urinary biomarkers and maternal hormones during pregnancy: A repeated measures study. Environ Int 113:341-349|
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