: The Southern California Research Center for Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Diseases (ALPD) and Cirrhosis unifies 53 investigators from major academic institutions in Southern California and 4 foreign nations toward a common mission of promoting research, training, and outreach for ALPD and cirrhosis. Since its inception in 1999, the Center-supported components have doubled in number, resulting in a truly interdisciplinary program embracing basic science, education and training for undergraduate and graduate students, pre- and post-doctoral fellows, and community and global outreach programs. The Center's research base as measured by the total annual direct costs acquired by the Center members, has grown by 44% from $3.9 million five years ago to $5.6 million in 2007. The Center specializes in genetic loss and gain of function analysis facilitated by the mouse intragastric ethanol infusion (lEI) model and cell-type specific research aimed at delineation of the priming and sensitizing mechanisms. These investigational principles are complemented perfectly by innovative genetic and chimeric mouse models introduced by the laboratory of David Brenner who has joined the Center in spring of 2007. The Center-supported research has identified novel molecular targets for ALPD including: mitochondrial free cholesterol causing hepatic sensitization to TNFa;homocysteine inducing ER stress in hepatocytes;the regulatory 13 subunit of methionine adenosyltransferase promoting hepatocyte growth;iron signaling in hepatic macrophages priming IKK activation;stellate cell TLR4 priming liver fibrogenesis;PKC? for ethanol-induced sensitization for pancreatitis;and protective roles of caspases against necrotizing pancreatitis. The Center has also served as an important national resource by supporting 16 NIAAA or NIDDK-funded scientists across the nation via provision of the lEI models, shared samples from the models, and isolated different liver cell types, and by collaborating with three other NIAAA Alcohol Research Centers on basic research and outreach projects. The Center is committed to pursue its ultimate goal of defining the mechanisms of ALPD and cirrhosis and promoting the developments of new preventive and therapeutic modalities. This pursuit is facilitated by integration of liver and pancreas experts in Southern California and optimization of an interactive environment via concerted efforts of the cores with the unique expertise, cutting-edge basic research, effective pilot project and academic enrichment programs, and invaluable dissemination of scientific findings to regional and national communities.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50AA011999-13
Application #
8015957
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-BB (90))
Program Officer
Gao, Peter
Project Start
1999-01-01
Project End
2013-12-31
Budget Start
2011-01-01
Budget End
2011-12-31
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$1,587,760
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Southern California
Department
Pathology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
072933393
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90089
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McDaniel, Kelly; Huang, Li; Sato, Keisaku et al. (2017) The let-7/Lin28 axis regulates activation of hepatic stellate cells in alcoholic liver injury. J Biol Chem 292:11336-11347
Koyama, Yukinori; Wang, Ping; Liang, Shuang et al. (2017) Mesothelin/mucin 16 signaling in activated portal fibroblasts regulates cholestatic liver fibrosis. J Clin Invest 127:1254-1270
Setiawan, Veronica Wendy; Pandol, Stephen J; Porcel, Jacqueline et al. (2017) Dietary Factors Reduce Risk of Acute Pancreatitis in a Large Multiethnic Cohort. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 15:257-265.e3
Sheth, Sunil G; Conwell, Darwin L; Whitcomb, David C et al. (2017) Academic Pancreas Centers of Excellence: Guidance from a multidisciplinary chronic pancreatitis working group at PancreasFest. Pancreatology 17:419-430

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