The ADRC at Columbia seeks to advance and disseminate knowledge of the causes, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease and other age-related dementing disorders. To do this, we maintain and follow a multi-ethnic and multi-racial patient population of normal elderly and the elderly with cognitive disorders to establish the natural history of the disease as a function of age and of genetic makeup. In this application we propose to use a variety of neuropsychological, neurological and imaging tools to examine the earliest stages of AD and to follow these subjects throughout their lives and to compare them to other dementing diseases. A comprehensive neuropathologic examination will be performed on the deceased participants correlated with the clinical, radiological and genetic data. Tissues and DNA obtained from these subjects will be available for research on the biology and genetics of the disease. Individual research projects within the ADRC will examine various aspects of the cellular and molecular biology of AD with emphasis on lipids, on retromer function and on the relationship of GBA mutations to dementia. Patients enrolled in the ADRC will have the opportunity to participate in trials of new drugs and treatments for dementing diseases as they become available. The well-documented cognitive status of these patients makes them highly suitable for inclusion in clinical trials. The Education and Information Core of the Columbia ADRC endeavors to educate both lay and medical communities about AD, about the latest advances in research and about the care of the AD patient. The ADRC serves as a resource for scientists with Columbia as well as outside of it, encouraging new research avenues by the award of pilot grants, by providing tissues and other biological samples, by providing access to a carefully documented patient population and by numerous seminars and Clinical Pathological Correlation Conferences. The Genetics Core serves as the major organizer of family recruitment and identification across the ADRCs and ADCs as well as resources for genotyping and gene expression studies. HIPAA compliant data organization and statistical consulting services are provided under the ADRC to the research community at Columbia and external to it.

Public Health Relevance

Alzheimer's disease and the other age-related dementias are the most rapidly growing public health problem in the US and other developed countries. The ADRC provides key resources for the study and development of treatment for these conditions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50AG008702-25
Application #
8664308
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-4 (J2))
Program Officer
Phelps, Creighton H
Project Start
1997-06-15
Project End
2015-05-31
Budget Start
2014-06-01
Budget End
2015-05-31
Support Year
25
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$2,406,284
Indirect Cost
$902,524
Name
Columbia University
Department
Pathology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
Besser, Lilah M; Alosco, Michael L; Ramirez Gomez, Liliana et al. (2016) Late-Life Vascular Risk Factors and Alzheimer Disease Neuropathology in Individuals with Normal Cognition. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 75:955-962
Burke, Shanna L; Maramaldi, Peter; Cadet, Tamara et al. (2016) Neuropsychiatric symptoms and Apolipoprotein E: Associations with eventual Alzheimer's disease development. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 65:231-8
John, Samantha E; Gurnani, Ashita S; Bussell, Cara et al. (2016) The effectiveness and unique contribution of neuropsychological tests and the δ latent phenotype in the differential diagnosis of dementia in the uniform data set. Neuropsychology 30:946-960
Hur, Jang Ho; Park, Shi-Young; Dall'Armi, Claudia et al. (2016) Phospholipase D1 deficiency in mice causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease via an autophagy defect. Sci Rep 6:39170
Bonham, Luke W; Geier, Ethan G; Fan, Chun C et al. (2016) Age-dependent effects of APOE ε4 in preclinical Alzheimer's disease. Ann Clin Transl Neurol 3:668-77
Ting, Simon Kang Seng; Hao, Ying; Chia, Pei Shi et al. (2016) Clinicopathological correlation of psychosis and brain vascular changes in Alzheimer's disease. Sci Rep 6:20858
Fischer, Corinne E; Qian, Winnie; Schweizer, Tom A et al. (2016) Lewy Bodies, Vascular Risk Factors, and Subcortical Arteriosclerotic Leukoencephalopathy, but not Alzheimer Pathology, are Associated with Development of Psychosis in Alzheimer's Disease. J Alzheimers Dis 50:283-95
Karch, Celeste M; Ezerskiy, Lubov A; Bertelsen, Sarah et al. (2016) Alzheimer's Disease Risk Polymorphisms Regulate Gene Expression in the ZCWPW1 and the CELF1 Loci. PLoS One 11:e0148717
McCutcheon, Sarah T; Han, Dingfen; Troncoso, Juan et al. (2016) Clinicopathological correlates of depression in early Alzheimer's disease in the NACC. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 31:1301-1311
Ebbert, Mark T W; Boehme, Kevin L; Wadsworth, Mark E et al. (2016) Interaction between variants in CLU and MS4A4E modulates Alzheimer's disease risk. Alzheimers Dement 12:121-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 536 publications