The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products has established multiple research priorities on communication science to better inform tobacco product regulation consistent with the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (TCA). We propose a Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (TCORS), known as the Center for Regulatory Research on Tobacco Communication (CRRTC), to conduct research relevant to FDA and this Act. The CRRTC will be led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) in close partnership with the Wake Forest School of Medicine (WFSM). The CRRTC will focus on research to assist the FDA in developing and disseminating risk messages about tobacco products consistent with FDA's regulatory authority and responsibility to protect public health. Communicating about tobacco products is one of seven overarching FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) research priority areas. The TCA requires, by April 2013, that the Secretary of Health arid Human Services and the FDA Center for Tobacco Products publicly list the harmful constituents in cigarettes and """"""""publish [it] in a format that is understandable and not misleading to a lay person, and place [it] on public display..."""""""" Section 904(d). Our pilot data (see Research Project 1 description below) demonstrated that few people have heard of many of these constituents and that there is minimal understanding of them. In addition, few studies exist about how best to communicate information on constituents to the public. For instance, a Medline search on """"""""tobacco,"""""""" """"""""smoking,"""""""" or """"""""cigarettes"""""""" yields 225,197 references. Including constituents or particular constituents yields 5,362 results, but only 100 references emerge when also including """"""""communication,"""""""" """"""""warnings,"""""""" or """"""""messages."""""""" However, most of these references are not relevant to the communication needs of FDA. Therefore, FDA faces a challenge in effectively communicating about these constituents, which they are required by law to do. A growing number of novel non-cigarette tobacco products (e.g., cigarillos, hookah, dissolvables, electronic cigarettes) are also hitting the market. Currently, the FDA only has regulatory authority over cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and roll your own tobacco;however it has indicated that it will assert authority over all tobacco products, including novel non-cigarette products. FDA needs scientific data, including data on consumer attitudes and risk perceptions, to formulate effective policies and regulatory strategies. Increasingly, FDA will be communicating with tobacco product users and the general public. Communication research identifies a number of message features that impact how recipients view messages. These include factors such as the message source and how prominently the source is featured. Simply putting the FDA logo on tobacco-related communications has the potential to alter how the messages are perceived. Finally, relatively little is known about the perceptions of many vulnerable populations (including adolescents, young adults, and at-risk adults) about tobacco constituents, emerging tobacco products, and FDA regulatory authority over tobacco products.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
1P50CA180907-01
Application #
8595376
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BDCN-Q (40))
Project Start
2013-09-19
Project End
2018-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-19
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$1,039,816
Indirect Cost
$865,274
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Type
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
Pepper, J K; Ribisl, K M; Brewer, N T (2016) Adolescents' interest in trying flavoured e-cigarettes. Tob Control 25:ii62-ii66
Meernik, Clare; Jarman, Kristen; Wright, Sarah Towner et al. (2016) Eye Tracking Outcomes in Tobacco Control Regulation and Communication: A Systematic Review. Tob Regul Sci 2:377-403
Peebles, Kathryn; Hall, Marissa G; Pepper, Jessica K et al. (2016) Adolescents' Responses to Pictorial Warnings on Their Parents' Cigarette Packs. J Adolesc Health :
Baig, Sabeeh A; Byron, M Justin; Boynton, Marcella H et al. (2016) Communicating about cigarette smoke constituents: an experimental comparison of two messaging strategies. J Behav Med :
Cornacchione, Jennifer; Wagoner, Kimberly G; Wiseman, Kimberly D et al. (2016) Adolescent and Young Adult Perceptions of Hookah and Little Cigars/Cigarillos: Implications for Risk Messages. J Health Commun 21:818-25
Kowitt, Sarah D; Jarman, Kristen; Ranney, Leah M et al. (2016) Believability of Cigar Warning Labels Among Adolescents. J Adolesc Health :
Wiseman, Kimberly D; Cornacchione, Jennifer; Wagoner, Kimberly G et al. (2016) Adolescents' and Young Adults' Knowledge and Beliefs About Constituents in Novel Tobacco Products. Nicotine Tob Res 18:1581-7
Boynton, Marcella H; Agans, Robert P; Bowling, J Michael et al. (2016) Understanding how perceptions of tobacco constituents and the FDA relate to effective and credible tobacco risk messaging: A national phone survey of U.S. adults, 2014-2015. BMC Public Health 16:516
Moracco, Kathryn E; Morgan, Jennifer C; Mendel, Jennifer et al. (2016) ""My First Thought was Croutons"": Perceptions of Cigarettes and Cigarette Smoke Constituents Among Adult Smokers and Nonsmokers. Nicotine Tob Res 18:1566-74
Huang, Li-Ling; Kowitt, Sarah D; Sutfin, Erin L et al. (2016) Electronic Cigarette Use Among High School Students and Its Association With Cigarette Use And Smoking Cessation, North Carolina Youth Tobacco Surveys, 2011 and 2013. Prev Chronic Dis 13:E103

Showing the most recent 10 out of 23 publications