Insulin resistance is a key component of multiple metabolic derangements, which include hypermetabolism, hyperglycemia, increased catabolism, a shift from carbohydrate to fatty acid oxidation, and muscle wasting in burn injury. We have previously shown that impaired IRSI-mediated insuliri signaling occurs after burn injury in skeletal muscle. Reduced expression and increased S/T phosphorylation of IRSI are involved in skeletal muscle insulin resistance of burned mice. After burn injury, expression of protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 B (PTP-1B), which is a negative regulator of insulin receptor/IRSI-mediated signaling, is increased in muscle. FoxOI and 3 genes and their resultant proteins represent evolutionally conserved targets of insulin signaling and regulate metabolism in many tissues including skeletal muscle. Transcriptome analysis of the genomewide expression profile in burn patients indicates that transcriptional activity of FoxOI and 6 is increased in skeletal muscle after burn injury. mRNA expression of target genes of FoxOI and 3 is significantly greater in skeletal muscle of burn patients compared with healthy controls. Consistently, burn injury is associated with decreased phosphorylation of FoxOI and 3 at Akt target sites, and increases in O-glycosylation of FoxOI and MST1 activity in mouse muscle. Therefore, the hypothesis of this project is that IRSI-FoxO dysregulations are key contributors to many if not all of the metabolic derangements of.burn injury and that down-regulation and subsequent nuclear exclusion of FoxOs will improve or eliminate these effects. SA1 will establish the inhibitory effects of burn injury on IRSI-mediated signaling in human skeletal muscle of burn patients and healthy volunteers. SA2 will determine inhibitory and stimulatory phosphorylation, and Oglycosylation of FoxOI and 3 in burn patients and mice and the effects of derangements, insulin signaling, and alterations in gene expression profile in mouse skeletal muscle. SA3 will evaluate the safety and efficacy of PMO knockdown of FoxOI on insulin resistance in skeletal muscle in mice. Rhesus macaques, and healthy volunteers. This project will determine whether FoxOI PMO is a novel potential strategy to reverse insulin resistance and metabolic derangements in skeletal muscle in burn patients.

Public Health Relevance

Metabolic disturbances remain a signficant cause of morbidity and mortality in burn patients. New knowledge gained in this project should promote potential new genomic-based therapeutics to reduce the complications associated with dysregulated metabolism in burn patients.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50GM021700-33
Application #
8668970
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZGM1-PPBC-5)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-06-01
Budget End
2015-05-31
Support Year
33
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$247,028
Indirect Cost
$103,875
Name
Massachusetts General Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
073130411
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02199
Nakazawa, Harumasa; Chang, Kyungho; Shinozaki, Shohei et al. (2017) iNOS as a Driver of Inflammation and Apoptosis in Mouse Skeletal Muscle after Burn Injury: Possible Involvement of Sirt1 S-Nitrosylation-Mediated Acetylation of p65 NF-?B and p53. PLoS One 12:e0170391
Khan, Mohammed A S; Khan, Mohammed F; Kashiwagi, Shizuka et al. (2017) An ALPHA7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Agonist (GTS-21) Promotes C2C12 Myonuclear Accretion in Association with Release of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Improves Survival in Burned Mice. Shock 48:227-235
Frydman, Galit H; Marini, Robert P; Bakthavatchalu, Vasudevan et al. (2017) Local and Systemic Changes Associated with Long-term, Percutaneous, Static Implantation of Titanium Alloys in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Comp Med 67:165-175
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Kashiwagi, Shizuka; Khan, Mohammed A S; Yasuhara, Shingo et al. (2017) Prevention of Burn-Induced Inflammatory Responses and Muscle Wasting by GTS-21, a Specific Agonist for ?7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors. Shock 47:61-69
Frydman, Galit H; Bendapudi, Pavan K; Marini, Robert P et al. (2016) Coagulation Biomarkers in Healthy Chinese-Origin Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 55:252-9
Agarwal, Shailesh; Loder, Shawn; Brownley, Cameron et al. (2016) Inhibition of Hif1? prevents both trauma-induced and genetic heterotopic ossification. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E338-47
Ueki, Ryusuke; Liu, Li; Kashiwagi, Shizuka et al. (2016) Role of Elevated Fibrinogen in Burn-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction: Protective Effects of Glycyrrhizin. Shock 46:382-9
Copps, Kyle D; Hançer, Nancy J; Qiu, Wei et al. (2016) Serine 302 Phosphorylation of Mouse Insulin Receptor Substrate 1 (IRS1) Is Dispensable for Normal Insulin Signaling and Feedback Regulation by Hepatic S6 Kinase. J Biol Chem 291:8602-17
Shank, Erik S; Martyn, Jeevendra A; Donelan, Mathias B et al. (2016) Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia for Pediatric Burn Reconstructive Surgery: A Prospective Study. J Burn Care Res 37:e213-7

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