This proposal is for the renewal of our existing Center of Excellence in Genomic Science ("Implication of Haplotype Structure in the Human Genome"). Since the start of our Center in 2003, there have been extraordinary advance in genomics. Genome-wide association studies using Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms are now routine, and we are rapidly moving toward having whole-genome sequence data for large samples of individuals. Our Center has undergone similar dramatic change. While the underlying theme of our proposal remains the same - making sense of genetic variation - our focus is now explicitly on how we can use the heterogeneous data produced by modern genomics to achieve such an understanding. The overall goal of our proposal is to develop an intellectual framework, together with computational and statistical analysis tools, for illuminating the path from genotype to phenotype, and for predicting the latter from the former. We will address three broad questions related to this problem: 1) How do we infer mechanisms by which genetic variation leads to changes in phenotype? 2) How do we improve the design, understanding and interpretation of association studies by exploiting prior information? 3) How do we identify general principles about the genotype-phenotype map? We will approach these questions through a series of interrelated projects that combine computational and experimental methods, and involve a wide range of researchers including molecular biologists, population geneticists, genetic epidemiologists, statisticians, computer scientists, and mathematicians.

Public Health Relevance

- One of the most important challenges facing biology today is understanding how genetic variation between individuals translates (or maps) into variation we can see or measure, like blood pressure, and how this mapping is affected by the environment. The goal of this project is to increase our understanding of the general principles that underlie the genotype-phenotype map by studying model organisms.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50HG002790-10
Application #
8544485
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHG1-HGR-N (J1))
Program Officer
Brooks, Lisa
Project Start
2003-04-01
Project End
2014-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$2,334,683
Indirect Cost
$882,962
Name
University of Southern California
Department
Biostatistics & Other Math Sci
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
072933393
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90089
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Greenwood, Anna K; Ardekani, Reza; McCann, Shaugnessy R et al. (2015) Genetic mapping of natural variation in schooling tendency in the threespine stickleback. G3 (Bethesda) 5:761-9

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