This core, which serves all projects in the Center, has two primary functions related to coding and analysis of behavioral observation data. First, it will provide a centralized infrastructure that will ensure consistent and reliable observational data across Center research projects. Second, it will enhance the capacity of Center investigators to gather, code, and analyze behavioral observation data in current and future research. Coding is a central component of the proposed Center for several reasons. First, consistent with recent calls for the use of multiple levels of analysis in understanding developmental phenomena, behavioral coding allows for examination of key individual and interactional phenomena at a number of levels. For example, in Projects 1 and 2, both real-time, microsocial coding and qualitative coding will be used to examine parental sensitivity, responsiveness, and limit-setting. Second, it will allow us to look across species (nonhuman primates and humans) and human populations (postinstitutionalized adoptees and foster children) at common elements of the conceptual model. Third, coded observational data can be combined with self- report data and information obtained by other informants to develop multimethod, multiagent composite and latent construct scores that might have greater generalizability than single-source measures. These composite scores and constructs will be employed in multivariate modeling and other statistical analyses in a number of the planned projects. The PI for the core is Fisher, and the primary site will be the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC). The second coding site will be Emory University, where all primate coding will occur under the direction of Sanchez and McCormack (Co-l). Pears, Dozier and Carlson will also serve as Co-Is. The proposed core continues the tradition of theoretical integration that has marked collaborations among Center scientists. As with the centralized saliva assay activities for all Center research (see Assay/Genetics Core), centralized coding is cost effective and allows for a high degree of consistency in the data across projects.

Public Health Relevance

Children who experience early adversity are at significant risk for emotional and cognitive problems. We integrate work on toddlers in foster care, toddlers adopted from orphanages, and Rhesus infants abused by their mothers to understand how these experiences affect the development of brain systems involved in emotion and attention. We also focus on types of parenting that help neurobehavioral recovery..

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-L)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
United States
Zip Code
Hostinar, Camelia E; Johnson, Anna E; Gunnar, Megan R (2015) Parent support is less effective in buffering cortisol stress reactivity for adolescents compared to children. Dev Sci 18:281-97
Doom, Jenalee R; Georgieff, Michael K; Gunnar, Megan R (2015) Institutional care and iron deficiency increase ADHD symptomology and lower IQ 2.5-5 years post-adoption. Dev Sci 18:484-94
McCormack, K; Howell, B R; Guzman, D et al. (2015) The development of an instrument to measure global dimensions of maternal care in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Am J Primatol 77:20-33
Carlson, Elizabeth A; Hostinar, Camelia E; Mliner, Shanna B et al. (2014) The emergence of attachment following early social deprivation. Dev Psychopathol 26:479-89
Yan, Yumei; Nair, Govind; Li, Longchuan et al. (2014) In vivo evaluation of optic nerve development in non-human primates by using diffusion tensor imaging. Int J Dev Neurosci 32:64-8
Lamm, C; Benson, B E; Guyer, A E et al. (2014) Longitudinal study of striatal activation to reward and loss anticipation from mid-adolescence into late adolescence/early adulthood. Brain Cogn 89:51-60
Koss, Kalsea J; Hostinar, Camelia E; Donzella, Bonny et al. (2014) Social deprivation and the HPA axis in early development. Psychoneuroendocrinology 50:1-13
Hostinar, Camelia E; Sullivan, Regina M; Gunnar, Megan R (2014) Psychobiological mechanisms underlying the social buffering of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis: a review of animal models and human studies across development. Psychol Bull 140:256-82
Stellern, Sarah; Esposito, Elisa; Mliner, Shanna et al. (2014) Increased freezing and decreased positive affect in postinstitutionalized children. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 55:88-95
Lamm, Connie; Walker, Olga L; Degnan, Kathryn A et al. (2014) Cognitive control moderates early childhood temperament in predicting social behavior in 7-year-old children: an ERP study. Dev Sci 17:667-81

Showing the most recent 10 out of 35 publications