This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The overall goal of our grant proposal is to evaluate the possibility that natural HIV viral env sequences that emerge during the course of HIV infection, can be used as immunogens to elicit broadly-reactive anti-HIV neutralizing antibodies. These env sequences are being clonedwill be derived from HIV infected subjects who during a very short period of time (2-3 years) developed broad and potent anti-HIV cross-neutralizing antibody responses. In Project 1, we arewill monitoring HIV infected subjects to identify those that develop broad cross-neutralizing antibody responses shortly following infection and towe will characterize in detail these responses. We arewill amplifying viral env from longitudinal samples from these patients and in conjunction with Project 2 we are: (1) we will examininge what role the CD4+ T cell helper responses and their relationship tohave in the development and maintenance of broad anti-HIV neutralizing antibody responses;and (2) cloninge the neutralizing antibodies from these subjects. The Envs identified in this Project 1 will be used as immunogens in Project 3 to test the hypothesis that they can elicit broad cross-neutralizing antibody responses in animals. The Program is supported by Core A (Stamatatos) to develop protein immunogens, by Core B (L Picker and M Axthelm) to provide expertise in nonhuman primates and T cell analyses in macaques, and Core C (Haigwood) forto support the entire Program with administrative support and biostatistics. We have been successful in showing that the natural genes, reconstructed as codon-optimized genes by site-directed mutagenesis (using the Robins-Kraznitz algorithm) from a subtype A patient from Kenya are highly immunogenic in rabbits, when delivered as DNA vaccines.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000163-52
Application #
8357798
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
52
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$365,216
Indirect Cost
Name
Oregon Health and Science University
Department
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
096997515
City
Portland
State
OR
Country
United States
Zip Code
97239
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