SPID#: 62 Documenting the influence of housing condition on the well-being of captive primates is critical for guiding management decisions and facility design. This study contributes to our understanding of the behavioral consequences of two types of indoor housing common to biomedical research on chimpanzees housing in single cages and in small social groups of two to three individuals. Multiple measures of behavioral well-being were assessed from 132 hours of focal animal sampling of 23 singly caged and 13 socially housed chimpanzees. Analysis of variance revealed no sex differences in the behavioral categories analyzed. However, housing in single cages resulted in significantly lower inactivity scores and higher scores for the categories of environmental manipulation, locomotion, aggression to the observer, and tension-related behaviors. Singly caged subjects were significantly more reactive to others' displays than socially housed individuals. Abnormal behavior, affiliative observer-directed behavior, self-grooming, and temper tantrum scores were not significantly affected by housing condition. Housing tenure of three to nine years in the current study permitted a comparison of long-term effects of housing condition with previously published short-term effects; long- and short-term effects differed for several behavioral categories. Pair- and trio-housed individuals showed similar levels of well-being. Findings of this study may be useful for guiding enrichment regimens for chimpanzees housed in the conditions investigated here, and for determining the level of social complexity that will produce consistently positive effects on various measures of well-being.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
2P51RR000165-36
Application #
5219917
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
36
Fiscal Year
1996
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Velu, Vijayakumar; Mylvaganam, Geetha Hanna; Gangadhara, Sailaja et al. (2016) Induction of Th1-Biased T Follicular Helper (Tfh) Cells in Lymphoid Tissues during Chronic Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Defines Functionally Distinct Germinal Center Tfh Cells. J Immunol 197:1832-42
Furlan, Scott N; Watkins, Benjamin; Tkachev, Victor et al. (2016) Systems analysis uncovers inflammatory Th/Tc17-driven modules during acute GVHD in monkey and human T cells. Blood 128:2568-2579
Smith, S Abigail; Kilgore, Katie M; Kasturi, Sudhir Pai et al. (2016) Signatures in Simian Immunodeficiency Virus SIVsmE660 Envelope gp120 Are Associated with Mucosal Transmission but Not Vaccination Breakthrough in Rhesus Macaques. J Virol 90:1880-7
Cabrera-Mora, Monica; Fonseca, Jairo Andres; Singh, Balwan et al. (2016) A Recombinant Chimeric Ad5/3 Vector Expressing a Multistage Plasmodium Antigen Induces Protective Immunity in Mice Using Heterologous Prime-Boost Immunization Regimens. J Immunol 197:2748-61
Wichmann, Thomas; DeLong, Mahlon R (2016) Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders of Basal Ganglia Origin: Restoring Function or Functionality? Neurotherapeutics 13:264-83
Havenar-Daughton, Colin; Reiss, Samantha M; Carnathan, Diane G et al. (2016) Cytokine-Independent Detection of Antigen-Specific Germinal Center T Follicular Helper Cells in Immunized Nonhuman Primates Using a Live Cell Activation-Induced Marker Technique. J Immunol 197:994-1002
Masilamoni, Gunasingh J; Uthayathas, Subramanian; Koenig, Gerhard et al. (2016) Effects of a novel phosphodiesterase 10A inhibitor in non-human primates: A therapeutic approach for schizophrenia with improved side effect profile. Neuropharmacology 110:449-57
Singh, Arun; Mewes, Klaus; Gross, Robert E et al. (2016) Human striatal recordings reveal abnormal discharge of projection neurons in Parkinson's disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:9629-34
Michopoulos, Vasiliki (2016) Stress-induced alterations in estradiol sensitivity increase risk for obesity in women. Physiol Behav 166:56-64
Honegger, Jonathan R; Tedesco, Dana; Kohout, Jennifer A et al. (2016) Influence of IFNL3 and HLA-DPB1 genotype on postpartum control of hepatitis C virus replication and T-cell recovery. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:10684-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 774 publications