This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. This project characterizes convergence of specific prefrontal cortex (PFC) inputs with the amygdala and temporal cortex in distinct striatal regions and investigates how this system undergoes refinement and reorganization consistent with postnatal milestones of behavioral development. We have currently ordered two rhesus monkeys (3-year-old and 1-year-old) to begin this project in January 2010 using MRI-guided injections of neuroanatomical tracers into the amygdala. We will (a) examine anatomical changes in cortex, striatum, amygdala and hippocampal pathways at the age of birth, 2-4 mo., 6 mo., 1 yr., and 3 years;(b) characterize the specific organization of cortical, amygdala, and hippocampal inputs to the striatum, with a particular focus on the refinement of diffuse projections and the convergence of focal projections;(c) will compare the models of convergent nodal regions across all age groups. Data obtained from such anatomical studies are clinically relevant because infancy through young adulthood is that critical time in which incentive-based learning forms the basis for behavioral guiding rules and the development of habits. Consistent with rapid behavioral development, the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus and striatum undergo maturation during postnatal development. This time of developmental growth is associated with vulnerability to stress and the emergence of mental health problems including schizophrenia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders and addictions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
2P51RR000165-51
Application #
8357500
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-5 (01))
Project Start
2011-08-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
51
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$41,159
Indirect Cost
Name
Emory University
Department
Otolaryngology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
066469933
City
Atlanta
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30322
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