This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. We previously reported the rapid and substantial loss of CD4+ T cells at multiple mucosal sites in pigtailed macaques following SHIV infection. By 2-3 wks post-infection, profound depletion of CD4+CCR5+ T cells cells and CD28-CD95+ effector memory cells were observed, consistent with the R5-tropism of SHIV1157ipd3N4. Two of the three animals that were studied beyond the acute phase of infection showed persistent plasma viremia for gt 48 wks, while the remaining one controlled its plasma viral load at baseline (102 copies p ml). Cross-clade neutralizing antibodies developed in both persistently viremic animals starting at 24 weeks after infection. However, both animals developed clinical signs consistent with simian AIDS and were euthanized. In collaboration with Drs. Ruth Ruprecht and Charles Wood, we studied the evolution of viral sequences in infected pig-tailed macaques as compared to human and rhesus macaques infected with viruses bearing the same envelope gene. Preliminary results indicated that similar changes occurred in the envelope gene during the course of viral infection in all three species, lending further support to the use of macaque species as model to study HIV infection in humans.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000166-50
Application #
8357596
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (02))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
50
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$377,899
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Washington
Department
Veterinary Sciences
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
605799469
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98195
Fitch, Kathleen V; DeFilippi, Christopher; Christenson, Robert et al. (2016) Subclinical myocyte injury, fibrosis and strain in relationship to coronary plaque in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. AIDS 30:2205-14
McLoon, Linda K; Christiansen, Stephen P; Ghose, Geoffrey M et al. (2016) Improvement of Eye Alignment in Adult Strabismic Monkeys by Sustained IGF-1 Treatment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 57:6070-6078
Liao, Hsi-Wen; Ren, Xiaozhi; Peterson, Beth B et al. (2016) Melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells on macaque and human retinas form two morphologically distinct populations. J Comp Neurol 524:2845-72
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Freeling, Jennifer P; Koehn, Josefin; Shu, Cuiling et al. (2015) Anti-HIV drug-combination nanoparticles enhance plasma drug exposure duration as well as triple-drug combination levels in cells within lymph nodes and blood in primates. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 31:107-14
Phillips, Christopher; Ling, Leo; Oxford, Trey et al. (2015) Longitudinal performance of an implantable vestibular prosthesis. Hear Res 322:200-11
Chun, Pattaraporn T; McPherson, Ronald J; Marney, Luke C et al. (2015) Serial plasma metabolites following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a nonhuman primate model. Dev Neurosci 37:161-71

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