Understanding the immunological and genetic basis of control of AIDS virus replication should help inform vaccine design. As in HIV-infected humans, a limited number of macaques spontaneously control SIV replication to less than 1,000 copies/ml after infection (""""""""Elite Controllers"""""""";ECs) (18, 32). This is a greater than two log reduction from the typical plasma virus load after challenge with SIVmac239. Recently we identified sixteen ECs in a cohort of 196 Indian rhesus macaques (18). Genotyping for MHC class I alleles revealed that fourteen of these sixteen ECs expressed either Mamu-B*17 or Mamu-B*08, which appear to be the macaque functional equivalents of HLA-B57 and HLA-B27, respectively (2, 9, 12, 21, 26, 29). However, the monitoring and sampling of these animals, which were typically identified in the course of experiments run by different investigators, has not been consistent. Moreover, due to financial constraints, animals often must be euthanized at the end of specific studies. We plan to establish a sample bank, database, and to house existing and future EC macaques at the WNPRC. Making these unique resources available to the community of investigators working on SIV would be an extremely valuable service to the field.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000167-50
Application #
8136085
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Program Officer
Harding, John D
Project Start
1997-06-10
Project End
2013-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
50
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$9,476,313
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Wisconsin Madison
Department
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
161202122
City
Madison
State
WI
Country
United States
Zip Code
53715
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