This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Our focus is to identify specific monocyte subsets that correlate with and are predictive of neuronal injury during neuroAIDS. We hypothesize that specific subsets of monocytes expand with and drive central nervous system disease, and these subsets decrease with immune modulators directly targeting monocytes or monocyte traffic. The use of rhesus macaques permits controlled exploration of the neuropathogenesis of disease that have pathological hallmarks of HIV and neuroinflammation with direct relevance to the studies of human neuroAIDS. During SIV and HIV infection, the vast majority of cells demonstrated to be productively infected in the CNS are cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. With infection, there is an accumulation of perivascular macrophages with CD14 and CD16 expression, some of which are productively infected and also express PCNA a marker of infected cells in the bone marrow, blood and brain. The accumulation of these cells can be found early, days-to-weeks post infection, and with terminal AIDS. There is good reason to believe that populations of monocytes in the bone marrow and blood could be a source of perivascular macrophages and indeed cells that accumulate with virus, the so-called Trojan Horse cells. The significance of continued monocyte traffic on neuronal injury during AIDS was studied using a CD8 depletion and SIVmac251 infection model of rapid, consistent CNS disease resulting in neuronal injury as assessed by MRS and neuropathological examination. We identified specific monocyte subsets, immunophenotypically and functionally, that correlate with and are predictive of neuronal injury.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000168-50
Application #
8357961
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
50
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$68,415
Indirect Cost
Name
Harvard University
Department
Veterinary Sciences
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047006379
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
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