Center grant, selected by peer review as NIAAA's national Center for prevention research. The Center focuses upon the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse &related problems. Our mission is to conduct basic &applied research into environmental factors that affect the etiology of alcohol use, abuse &problems. In the proposed Center we offer a research program that builds upon our previous research in 50 cities in California. We focus upon micro- ¯o-social ecological conditions that affect use and problems: Component #1: Administrative Core - Provides the supporting infrastructure for Center research. Component #2: Environmental Strategies to Reduce Community Alcohol Problems: A Randomized Trial - Assesses the impacts of environmental prevention programs upon alcohol use & problems using a matched subset of intervention &comparison cities in the 50 city database. Component #3: The Role of Drinking Contexts in Alcohol-Related Problems Among Youth - Examines the day-to-day conditions that affect underage access to &use of alcohol. Component #4: Maladaptive Parenting, Activity Spaces, Alcohol and the Substance Use Environment - Examines the social &behavioral mechanisms by which the routine drinking activities of parents lead to maladaptive parenting &child abuse and neglect. Component #5: Direct, Indirect and Total Spatial Impacts of Alcohol Outlets on Related Problems - Considers the multi-year regional social and economic processes that couple alcohol outlets to problems &provides empirical support to program evaluations for Component #2. Component #6: Education and Dissemination in Support of Community Action - Provides education &dissemination activities directed at the community level &supports interventions in Component #2. The rich &varied ecological conditions for drinking &problems that arise across neighborhoods &cities in California provide an ideal environment in which to conduct these studies. The Center enables us to conduct these integrative &integrated research activities in a suitable multi-disciplinary environment. PRC provides the best coordinating environment in which to study the global social &economic conditions that affect access to alcohol in community settings, the social &behavioral processes that affect adult &youth drinking, &the choice of particular environmental contexts for drinking that all interact to affect drinking &problems.

Public Health Relevance

The Environmental Approaches to Prevention Research Center Grant proposes basic and applied research into effective mechanisms for the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse and related problems. The Administrative Core supports the Center infrastructure. Four major research components are proposed to examine social and environmental characteristics of communities that enable and/or sustain alcohol problems in communities throughout the US (social mechanisms). A sixth component supports education and dissemination activities directed at the community level.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Comprehensive Center (P60)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1)
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White, Aaron
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Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
United States
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Morrison, Christopher (2015) Exposure to alcohol outlets in rural towns. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:73-8
Friese, Bettina; Grube, Joel W (2014) Teen parties: who has parties, what predicts whether there is alcohol and who supplies the alcohol? J Prim Prev 35:391-6
Paschall, Mallie J; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W et al. (2014) Relationships between social host laws and underage drinking: findings from a study of 50 California cities. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 75:901-7
Paschall, Mallie J; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W (2014) Effects of the local alcohol environment on adolescents' drinking behaviors and beliefs. Addiction 109:407-16
Kepple, Nancy J; Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle (2014) Bias in child maltreatment self-reports using interactive voice response (IVR). Child Abuse Negl 38:1694-705
Treno, Andrew J; Marzell, Miesha; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2014) A review of alcohol and other drug control policy research. J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 75 Suppl 17:98-107
Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle; Kepple, Nancy J (2014) Inadequate child supervision: The role of alcohol outlet density, parent drinking behaviors, and social support. Child Youth Serv Rev 43:75-84
Freisthler, Bridget; Gruenewald, Paul J (2014) Examining the relationship between the physical availability of medical marijuana and marijuana use across fifty California cities. Drug Alcohol Depend 143:244-50
Freisthler, Bridget; Holmes, Megan R; Wolf, Jennifer Price (2014) The dark side of social support: understanding the role of social support, drinking behaviors and alcohol outlets for child physical abuse. Child Abuse Negl 38:1106-19
Gruenewald, Paul J; Remer, Lillian G; LaScala, Elizabeth A (2014) Testing a social ecological model of alcohol use: the California 50-city study. Addiction 109:736-45

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