PRC was formed in October 1983 around the Environmental Approaches to Prevention Research Center grant, selected by peer review as NIAAA's national Center for prevention research. The Center focuses upon the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse & related problems. Our mission is to conduct basic & applied research into environmental factors that affect the etiology of alcohol use, abuse & problems. In the proposed Center we offer a research program that builds upon our previous research in 50 cities in California. We focus upon micro- & macro-social ecological conditions that affect use and problems: Component #1: Administrative Core - Provides the supporting infrastructure for Center research. Component #2: Environmental Strategies to Reduce Community Alcohol Problems: A Randomized Trial - Assesses the impacts of environmental prevention programs upon alcohol use & problems using a matched subset of intervention & comparison cities In the 50 city database. Component #3: The Role of Drinking Contexts in Alcohol-Related Problems Among Youth - Examines the day-to-day conditions that affect underage access to & use of alcohol. Component #4: Maladaptive Parenting, Activity Spaces, Alcohol and the Substance Use Environment - Examines the social & behavioral mechanisms by which the routine drinking activities of parents lead to maladaptive parenting & child abuse and neglect. Component #5: Direct, Indirect and Total Spatial Impacts of Alcohol Outlets on Related Problems - Considers the multi-year regional social and economic processes that couple alcohol outlets to problems & provides empirical support to program evaluations for Component #2. Component #6: Education and Dissemination in Support of Community Action - Provides education & dissemination activities directed at the community level & supports interventions in Component #2. The rich & varied ecological conditions for drinking & problems that arise across neighborhoods & cities in California provide an ideal environment in which to conduct these studies. The Center enables us to conduct these integrative & integrated research activities in a suitable multi-disciplinary environment. PRC provides the best coordinating environment in which to study the global social & economic conditions that affect access to alcohol in community settings, the social & behavioral processes that affect adult & youth drinking, & the choice of particular environmental contexts for drinking that all interact to affect drinking & problems.
The 'Environmental Approaches to Prevention' Research Center Grant proposes basic and applied research into effective mechanisms for the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse and related problems. The Administrative Core supports the Center infrastructure. Four major research components are proposed to examine social and environmental characteristics of communities that enable and/or sustain alcohol problems in communities throughout the US (social mechanisms). A sixth component supports education and dissemination activities directed at the community level.
|Morrison, Christopher; Ponicki, William R; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) Spatial relationships between alcohol-related road crashes and retail alcohol availability. Drug Alcohol Depend 162:241-4|
|Gruenewald, Paul J; Wang-Schweig, Meme; Mair, Christina (2016) Sources of Misspecification Bias in Assessments of Risks Related to Alcohol Use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:802-10|
|Wolf, Jennifer Price; Ponicki, William R; Kepple, Nancy J et al. (2016) Are community level prescription opioid overdoses associated with child harm? A spatial analysis of California zip codes, 2001-2011. Drug Alcohol Depend 166:202-8|
|Bersamin, Melina; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Mair, Christina et al. (2016) Identifying Strategies to Limit Youth Drinking in the Home. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:943-949|
|Gruenewald, Paul J (2016) Commentary on: The Impact of the Minimum Legal Drinking Age on Alcohol-Related Chronic Disease Mortality. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 40:1822-4|
|Morrison, Christopher; Lee, Juliet P; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) The Reliability of Naturalistic Observations of Social, Physical and Economic Environments of Bars. Addict Res Theory 24:330-340|
|Freisthler, Bridget; Wolf, Jennifer Price (2016) Testing a Social Mechanism: Does Alcohol Outlet Density Moderate the Relationship Between Levels of Alcohol Use and Child Physical Abuse? Violence Vict :|
|Freisthler, Bridget; Thomas, Crystal A; Curry, Susanna R et al. (2016) An Alternative to Residential Neighborhoods: An Exploratory Study of how Activity Spaces and Perception of Neighborhood Social Processes relate to Maladaptive Parenting. Child Youth Care Forum 45:259-277|
|Morrison, Christopher; Smith, Karen; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2016) Relating off-premises alcohol outlet density to intentional and unintentional injuries. Addiction 111:56-64|
|Freisthler, Bridget; Ponicki, William R; Gaidus, Andrew et al. (2016) A micro-temporal geospatial analysis of medical marijuana dispensaries and crime in Long Beach, California. Addiction 111:1027-35|
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