Investigators of the Indiana Alcohol Research Center are world leaders in the development and characterization of selected lines of rodents for studies on alcohol preference and craving, the application of the alcohol clamp to permit precise control of blood alcohol levels, and the identification and study of genetic variants which influence responses to alcohol and risk of alcoholism. In the next period of support, we will 1) expand existing educational, collaborative research, and outreach activities on alcoholism for health and legal professionals around the world;2) continue selective breeding and provide rat (P/NP, HAD/LAD) and mouse (HAP/LAP) lines for Center investigators;3) provide genomic (expression profiling, real-time PCR confirmation of changes in mRNAs, high density SNP genotyping /haplotyping, ADH and ALDH genotyping) expertise for Center investigators and collaborators;4) correlate responses to alcohol, frontal lobe fMRI activity, pharmacokinetics, and factors that predict the risk for future alcoholism in subjects with family history of alcoholism and risk genotypes at the GABRA2 and ADH4 loci;5) examine mRNA expression profiles in the ventral tegmentum and accumbens-shell regions of P/NP and HAD/LAD rats during alcohol exposure paradigms;6) examine associations between high alcohol preference and sensitivity to nicotine and cocaine, and the effects of these drugs on alcohol responses;7) examine spatial and termporal patterns of embryonic gene expression in alcohol-exposed embryos, and relevant transcriptional mechanisms for these changes;8) support innovative pilot projects linked to the themes of the Center: functional brain imaging, 3 dimensional analysis of alcohol teratogenesis, genetics of response to naltrexone and of craving for alcohol, and alcohol teratogenesis in zebrafish;and 9) provide a rich environment for the training of undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and visiting scientists. As a well-established Center, we will continue to mentor younger faculty for leadership roles in the Center and in the broader alcoholism research field.

Public Health Relevance

These studies will provide better understanding of how genetic backgrounds affect responses to alcohol and other drugs of abuse, explanations for the sensitivity of the developing fetus to alcohol, and will seek to expand knowledge about alcoholism among health professionals and legal authorities, both in the US and around the world.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
5P60AA007611-25
Application #
8197937
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-BB (11))
Program Officer
Murray, Gary
Project Start
1989-12-01
Project End
2012-11-30
Budget Start
2011-12-01
Budget End
2012-11-30
Support Year
25
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,667,612
Indirect Cost
$560,426
Name
Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
603007902
City
Indianapolis
State
IN
Country
United States
Zip Code
46202
Ding, Zheng-Ming; Ingraham, Cynthia M; Hauser, Sheketha R et al. (2017) Reduced Levels of mGlu2 Receptors within the Prelimbic Cortex Are Not Associated with Elevated Glutamate Transmission or High Alcohol Drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41:1896-1906
Hendershot, Christian S; Wardell, Jeffrey D; McPhee, Matthew D et al. (2017) A prospective study of genetic factors, human laboratory phenotypes, and heavy drinking in late adolescence. Addict Biol 22:1343-1354
Czachowski, Cristine L; Froehlich, Janice C; DeLory, Michael (2017) The Effects of Long-Term Varenicline Administration on Ethanol and Sucrose Seeking and Self-Administration in Male P Rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res :
Linsenbardt, David N; Smoker, Michael P; Janetsian-Fritz, Sarine S et al. (2017) Impulsivity in rodents with a genetic predisposition for excessive alcohol consumption is associated with a lack of a prospective strategy. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 17:235-251
Froehlich, Janice C; Fischer, Stephen M; Nicholson, Emily R et al. (2017) A Combination of Naltrexone + Varenicline Retards the Expression of a Genetic Predisposition Toward High Alcohol Drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41:644-652
Weera, Marcus M; Fields, Molly A; Tapp, Danielle N et al. (2017) Effects of Nicotine on Alcohol Drinking in Female Mice Selectively Bred for High or Low Alcohol Preference. Alcohol Clin Exp Res :
Froehlich, Janice C; Nicholson, Emily R; Dilley, Julian E et al. (2017) Varenicline Reduces Alcohol Intake During Repeated Cycles of Alcohol Reaccess Following Deprivation in Alcohol-Preferring (P) Rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41:1510-1517
Liang, Tiebing; Chalasani, Naga P; Williams, Kent Edward et al. (2017) Differential Expression of miRNAs in Nontumor Liver Tissue of Patients With Hepatocellular Cancer Caused by Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Cirrhosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 15:465-467
Gowin, Joshua L; Sloan, Matthew E; Stangl, Bethany L et al. (2017) Vulnerability for Alcohol Use Disorder and Rate of Alcohol Consumption. Am J Psychiatry 174:1094-1101
King, Andrea C; Hasin, Deborah; O'Connor, Sean J et al. (2016) A Prospective 5-Year Re-examination of Alcohol Response in Heavy Drinkers Progressing in Alcohol Use Disorder. Biol Psychiatry 79:489-98

Showing the most recent 10 out of 280 publications