The Research Core consists of two projects. The proposed projects will use a theory-driven approach to disseminate evidence-based interventions to address health disparities related to two inter-related and prototypical topics: kidney transplantation and organ donation. We previously demonstrated that using kidney transplant recipients as navigators for end stage renal disease patients is a promising approach to reduce disparities in completion of steps in the transplant process. However, the navigation intervention was labor intensive, focused on a single geographic area, and was not designed to determine a statistically significant effect on waiting list placement or actual transplantation. The goal of the Reducing Disparities in Access to Kidney Transplantation project is to disseminate and determine the impact of streamlined navigation on wait listing and number of transplants. We also demonstrated that showing patrons of the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles a brief video that addresses minorities'concerns about organ donation results in increased consent for organ donation on driver's licenses. However, individually administering the video to patrons at the Bureau of Motor Vehicles was labor intensive, and our trial was limited to a single geographic area. The goal of the Dissemination of a Video Intervention to Increase Organ Donation project is to disseminate and determine the impact of a brief online video intervention on willingness to donate organs among college students.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
5P60MD002265-07
Application #
8481592
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-02-01
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$13,318
Indirect Cost
$5,471
Name
Case Western Reserve University
Department
Type
DUNS #
077758407
City
Cleveland
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
44106
Huml, Anne M; Sehgal, Ashwini R (2014) BMI, sex, and access to transplantation. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 9:843-4
Prakash, Suma; Coffin, Rick; Schold, Jesse et al. (2014) Travel distance and home dialysis rates in the United States. Perit Dial Int 34:24-32
Cain, Katrice D; Theurer, Jacqueline R; Sehgal, Ashwini R (2014) Sharing of grant funds between academic institutions and community partners in community-based participatory research. Clin Transl Sci 7:141-4
Hand, Rosa K; Lawless, Mary Ellen; Deming, Nicole et al. (2014) Development and pilot testing of a human subjects protection training course unique to registered dietitian nutritionists. J Acad Nutr Diet 114:2009-16
Thornton, J Daryl; Schold, Jesse D (2013) The authors reply. Crit Care Med 41:e395-6
Thornton, J Daryl; Schold, Jesse D; Venkateshaiah, Lokesh et al. (2013) Prevalence of copied information by attendings and residents in critical care progress notes. Crit Care Med 41:382-8
Schold, J D; Buccini, L D; Heaphy, E L G et al. (2013) The prognostic value of kidney transplant center report cards. Am J Transplant 13:1703-12
Huml, Anne M; Sullivan, Catherine M; Pencak, Julie A et al. (2013) Accuracy of dialysis medical records in determining patients' interest in and suitability for transplantation. Clin Transplant 27:541-5
Leon, Janeen B; Sullivan, Catherine M; Sehgal, Ashwini R (2013) The prevalence of phosphorus-containing food additives in top-selling foods in grocery stores. J Ren Nutr 23:265-270.e2
Schold, J D; Heaphy, E L G; Buccini, L D et al. (2013) Prominent impact of community risk factors on kidney transplant candidate processes and outcomes. Am J Transplant 13:2374-83

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