The Center for Health And Risk in Minority youth and adults (CHARM) is dedicated to chronic disease prevention in racial/ethnic minority communities, with a focus on the late childhood, adolescent, and young adult period. Chronic Illnesses (e.g. diabetes, cardiovascular disease, asthma, obesity) are major sources of morbidity and mortality in minority populations. Although relatively understudied, the youth and young adult period offers great potential for improving minority health because (1) many chronic conditions develop at younger ages among minority populations necessitating an earlier focus on prevention, (2) behavioral risk (e.g. smoking, unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle) may be malleable during this period and change likely to persist into adulthood, (3) young adults are at particular risk for limited access to healthcare. CHARM brings together investigators from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), SF General Hospital (a safety net institution), SF State University (SFSU -a minority-serving institution), as well as other collaborators and community partners that focus on youth.
Our aims are: (1) To create a transdisciplinary center for the study of minority health and chronic disease risk that brings together academic and community institutions and is dedicated to improving minority health in the diverse populations of the SF Bay Area, with a specific focus on studies in youth and young adulthood;2) To generate new knowledge on the interplay between biological, behavioral, and social determinants of health and chronic disease risk in minority youth and young adults and to design novel, innovative, and targeted interventions to reduce chronic disease risk in minority communities in the SF Bay Area;(3) To partner with community organizations in the SF Bay Area to improve health literacy related to health promotion and chronic disease prevention in minority youth and young adults and to have a measurable impact on knowledge of chronic disease risk and tobacco use among youth and young adults in SF;(4) To build capacity for health disparities research in chronic disease, particularly among minority investigators, by utilizing and enhancing UCSF's resources and to measurably increase the number of minority investigators conducting research at UCSF and SFSU.

Public Health Relevance

Chronic illnesses are major sources of morbidity and mortality in racial/ethnic minority populations. The youth and young adult period offers considerable opportunities for prevention and improvement of health across the life course, but is currently relatively understudied. The Center for Health And Risk in Minority youth and adults (CHARM) is dedicated to chronic disease prevention in racial/ethnic minority communities in the San Francisco Bay Area, with a focus on youth and young adults.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
3P60MD006902-02S1
Application #
8660788
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (02))
Program Officer
Castille, Dorothy M
Project Start
2012-08-27
Project End
2017-02-28
Budget Start
2013-07-31
Budget End
2014-02-28
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$100,000
Indirect Cost
$36,306
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Athavale, Priyanka; Thomas, Melanie; Delgadillo-Duenas, Adriana T et al. (2016) Linking High Risk Postpartum Women with a Technology Enabled Health Coaching Program to Reduce Diabetes Risk and Improve Wellbeing: Program Description, Case Studies, and Recommendations for Community Health Coaching Programs. J Diabetes Res 2016:4353956
Garg, Sachin K; Lyles, Courtney R; Ackerman, Sara et al. (2016) Qualitative analysis of programmatic initiatives to text patients with mobile devices in resource-limited health systems. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 16:16
Chan, Pamela Y; Carrera Silva, Eugenio A; De Kouchkovsky, Dimitri et al. (2016) The TAM family receptor tyrosine kinase TYRO3 is a negative regulator of type 2 immunity. Science 352:99-103
Handley, Margaret A; Harleman, Elizabeth; Gonzalez-Mendez, Enrique et al. (2016) Applying the COM-B model to creation of an IT-enabled health coaching and resource linkage program for low-income Latina moms with recent gestational diabetes: the STAR MAMA program. Implement Sci 11:73
Mangurian, Christina; Newcomer, John W; Modlin, Chelsea et al. (2016) Diabetes and Cardiovascular Care Among People with Severe Mental Illness: A Literature Review. J Gen Intern Med 31:1083-91
Turner, Steve; Francis, Ben; Vijverberg, Susanne et al. (2016) Childhood asthma exacerbations and the Arg16 β2-receptor polymorphism: A meta-analysis stratified by treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol 138:107-113.e5
Rogers, Elizabeth A; Fine, Sarah C; Handley, Margaret A et al. (2016) Engaging Minority Youth in Diabetes Prevention Efforts Through a Participatory, Spoken-Word Social Marketing Campaign. Am J Health Promot :
Uricchio, Lawrence H; Zaitlen, Noah A; Ye, Chun Jimmie et al. (2016) Selection and explosive growth alter genetic architecture and hamper the detection of causal rare variants. Genome Res 26:863-73
Holmes, Louisa M; Ling, Pamela M (2016) Workplace secondhand smoke exposure: a lingering hazard for young adults in California. Tob Control :
Kessler, Michael D; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura; Taub, Margaret A et al. (2016) Challenges and disparities in the application of personalized genomic medicine to populations with African ancestry. Nat Commun 7:12521

Showing the most recent 10 out of 69 publications