The two main goals of this research are first, to understand the cell biological regulation of multidrug efflux transport and second, to probe the roles of these transporters in protection and regulation of embryonic development. This proposal links between two bodies of knowledge, one on the cellular physiology of multidrug efflux transport, primarily examined in the context of cancer and epithelial transport, and another focusing the structural changes in cell surface and membrane organization of embryo development. In the ROO Phase of this proposal, Hamdoun will continue and expand his investigation ofthe relationship between cell surface changes in early embryo development and changes in the efflux transporter activity focusing on sea urchins as an easily assayed and manipulated model organism. He will also continue efforts, currently ongoing in the K Phase of this award, to translate findings from the sea urchin to the mouse model, in order to characterize the role of these activity changes in protection of the embryo from potential teratogens encountered during assisted reproduction. Research in the K Phase of this award has revealed rapid upregulation of ABCB (pgp) and ABCC (mrp) efflux transporter activity following fertilization of sea urchin eggs and then later down-regualtion of efflux transport In a subset of 4 embryonic germline progenitor cells, known as the small micromeres. In most other systems, cycling of ABC transporters in and out of membranes is continuous, whereas in the sea urchin the two episodes of rapid change in efflux activity and cortical organization provide a powerful model for studying the cell structure and transporter function relationships.
In Aims 1 and 2 Hamdoun will characterize the post-fertilization redistribution of Sp-ABCB1a (an ortholog of mammalian p-gp) activity by movement of the transporter to the tips of microvilli. In the third Aim, Hamdoun will extend these findings to the mouse model, specifically following up on his preliminary finding of loss of pgp transporter activity after fertilization of mouse oocytes and again he will focus on how activity changes relate to organization ofthe cortical actin cytoskeleton. In a new fourth Aim, Hamdoun will study the mechansims of transporter regulation in the small micromeres.

Public Health Relevance

The broader significance of this proposal is new insights Into cell and developmental biology. The cell biology side is understanding how transport activity can be rapidly changed by cell stimuli and especially the relationship between structure (movement to microvilli) and function (prevention of entry of toxicants into the cell). The developmental biology side is understanding how the membranes of embryos are altered to regulate subsequent development

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Transition Award (R00)
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Special Emphasis Panel (NSS)
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Ravindranath, Neelakanta
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University of California San Diego
Schools of Earth Sciences/Natur
La Jolla
United States
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Gökirmak, Tufan; Campanale, Joseph P; Reitzel, Adam M et al. (2016) Functional diversification of sea urchin ABCC1 (MRP1) by alternative splicing. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 310:C911-20
Shipp, Lauren E; Hill, Rose Z; Moy, Gary W et al. (2015) ABCC5 is required for cAMP-mediated hindgut invagination in sea urchin embryos. Development 142:3537-48
Campanale, Joseph P; Gökirmak, Tufan; Espinoza, Jose A et al. (2014) Migration of sea urchin primordial germ cells. Dev Dyn 243:917-27
Gökirmak, Tufan; Shipp, Lauren E; Campanale, Joseph P et al. (2014) Transport in technicolor: mapping ATP-binding cassette transporters in sea urchin embryos. Mol Reprod Dev 81:778-93
Campanale, Joseph P; Hamdoun, Amro (2012) Programmed reduction of ABC transporter activity in sea urchin germline progenitors. Development 139:783-92
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