The formation of new blood vessels is required for embryonic development as well as the progression of numerous diseases. The processes that govern blood vessel formation and remodeling are conserved allowing the use model systems to investigate this process. The zebrafish has emerged as an ideal genetic system to dissect the molecular mechanisms involved in vascular development. Furthermore, the transparency of the zebrafish embryos facilitates direct visualization of endothelial cell behaviors in vivo during blood vessel development. Recent work has implicated small non- coding RNAs, referred to as microRNAs, in the proper development of the vascular system. However, little is known about the signaling pathways that miRNAs control during this process. Using deep sequencing methods, I have identified a number of endothelial expressed miRNAs. Furthermore, initial functional characterization of these miRNAs suggests that they play distinct and specific roles in vascular development. In this proposal, I will investigate the role of two endothelial miRNAs, miR-221 and miR-222, by generating zebrafish bearing targeted deletions within miRNA seed sequences using zinc finger nucleases. In parallel, I will generate an endothelial cell-specific transgenic line expressing myc tagged Argonaute 2 (Ago2). This line will allow me to purify miR-221 and miR-222 target complexes specifically from endothelial cells through immunoprecipitation of Ago2. The detailed phenotypic analysis of miRNA-knockout zebrafish, along with the ability to identify relevant endothelial-cell specific miRNA targets will allow me to determine what pathways and cell behaviors miR-221 or miR-222 may be controlling. These findings will then enable me to dissect the genetic networks regulated by endothelial miRNAs during vascular development. Together, the ability to combine targeted genetic manipulation of miRNAs along with the detailed imaging approaches available in the zebrafish, will allow me to gain novel insights onto the role of miRNAs in vascular development.
We are developing technology to facilitate the in vivo study of microRNAs in the vascular system. The resulting data will be allow us to gain new knowledge concerning microRNA function in controlling endothelial cell function and blood vessel formation.
|Santoro, Massimo M; Nicoli, S (2013) miRNAs in endothelial cell signaling: the endomiRNAs. Exp Cell Res 319:1324-30|