Trauniatic brain injury often results in epilepsy that is poorly controlled by antiepileptic drugs. Although there is evitjence that axonal sproutingvenhanced excitatory synaptic connectivity and reduced inhibitory synaptic tranismisision are associated with posttraurriatic epileptogenesis, further information on how these changes occur and contribute to epileptogenesis is inconriplete. This information is crut^ial in providing a rational basis for the development of new therapies aimed to disrupt posttraumatic epileptogenesis. in the jai-pposed;study, I will use the partial cortical isolation (""""""""undercut"""""""") niodel and,a novel prganotypic slice culture model of posttraumatic epileptogenesis to investigate alterations in excitatory and inhibitory synaptic connectivity, Three specific questions will be addressed: (1) Does axonal sprouting play a critical role in posttraumatic epileptogienesis? (2) is there an incfeaise in excitatory synaptic coupling;between layer V pyramidal neurons after a chronic partial cortical isolation? I will use a combination of single and paired vvhole ceil recording, laser scanning photostimulation (LSP), transgenic mice, organotypic brain slice culture, gene gun transfectibn, and time-lapse confocal microscopy techniques. An LSP-guided dual whole cell recording tiechiiit^ue will be developed to improve efficiency of paired recordings. The resiilts of these experiments will identify and characterize alterations in excitatory synaptic transmission in the epileptogenic neocortex, document morphological dynamics during axonal sprouting after traumatic brain injury, and establish a novel in vitro model of posttraumatic epileptogenesis. Results from the pi'bposed study will contribute to a further understanding of normal synaptic circuitry and pathological ciianges involved in posttraumatic epilepsy and provide insights for- development of noveltherapies for preventing epileptogenesis after brain trauma.
Traumatic brain injury often results in epileptic seizures'by causing stronger excitatory conhectiohs and/or weaker inhibitory connections between neurons of the brain. This research proposal will study how these changes occur* and provide insights for development of novel therapies for prevention and treatnrient of epilepsy after brain injury.
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