The proposed study would examine issues related to the course, including persistence and desistance, of alcohol use and AUDs in early midadulthood for men. Such behaviors are costly to society both financially and in personal and family distress. These issues would be examined by utilizing an existing longitudinal data set currently spanning later childhood to ages 31-32 years, including 23 yearly assessments of alcohol use, and adding two new waves of data collection at ages 35-36 and 37-38 years. Combining these two new waves with existing data from ages 29-30, 30-31, and 31-32 will provide a total of 5 waves in the early midadult period. The multimethod/multiagent study of a community sample at risk for conduct problem and other risk behaviors began with two cohorts of fourth-grade boys (total N = 206);the retention rate at the last wave was 95% of living subjects (N = 191, ages 31-32 years). The study focused on contextual, family of origin, and peer risk factors based on a social learning model, and data are available on romantic partners. We plan to use a Dynamic Developmental Systems approach, based on aspects of past and current social- contextual influences, to study heterogeneity in the course of alcohol use and AUDs and predictors of the course, including general and specific risk factors within the realms of family, peer, psychopathology, and early to midadult risk and social influences, including romantic partner behaviors. Early onset of alcohol use was assessed prospectively by age at first drink and age at first drunken experience. Association of growth and heterogeneity in growth of alcohol use will be examined also in relation to heterogeneity in the course of co- morbid substance use (tobacco, marijuana, other illicit drugs, non-prescription and over-the-counter drugs), and gambling behavior. In addition, prediction models of treatment seeking will be examined. The two new assessments will include self-report, peer report, and records data (police and DMV records). Reports from intimate partners are available in a companion study. A variety of complementary developmental modeling and prediction techniques will be used to capture the degree to which prior family and contextual factors, and prior behaviors in childhood and adolescence (e.g., antisocial behavior in childhood) and similar contextual, social relationships, and behavioral factors in adulthood, can explain changes in the course of behaviors across the early adult period.

Public Health Relevance

Alcohol use in early mid-adulthood is extremely costly at the personal, family, community, and national levels, and is associated with early mortality. Alcohol abuse/dependence is the most common of all DSM disorders for men. Almost one in four victims of violent crime report that the offender had been drinking prior to the crime. The economic costs of alcohol abuse and dependence were estimated at close to $200 billion in the U.S. in 1998. Focus areas of Healthy People 2010 (U.S. DHHS) include prevention and control of the use of tobacco and substance abuse. The proposed study will shed new light on the persistence and desistance of use of alcohol and other substances in early midadulthood for men from at-risk backgrounds.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Risk, Prevention and Intervention for Addictions Study Section (RPIA)
Program Officer
Godette, Dionne
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Oregon Social Learning Center, Inc.
United States
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Kerr, David C R; Gini, Gianluca; Owen, Lee D et al. (2018) Peer teasing experiences of fathers and their children: Intergenerational associations and transmission mechanisms. Child Abuse Negl 86:33-44
Kerr, David C R; Gini, Gianluca; Capaldi, Deborah M (2017) Young men's suicidal behavior, depression, crime, and substance use risks linked to childhood teasing. Child Abuse Negl 67:32-43
Feingold, Alan (2017) Meta-analysis with standardized effect sizes from multilevel and latent growth models. J Consult Clin Psychol 85:262-266
Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R; Owen, Lee D et al. (2017) Intergenerational Associations in Sexual Onset: Mediating Influences of Parental and Peer Sexual Teasing and Youth Substance Use. J Adolesc Health 61:342-347
Kerr, David C R; Gini, Gianluca (2017) Prospective associations between peer teasing in childhood and young men's obesity. Obes Res Clin Pract 11:640-646
Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R; Eddy, J Mark et al. (2016) Understanding Persistence and Desistance in Crime and Risk Behaviors in Adulthood: Implications for Theory and Prevention. Prev Sci 17:785-93
Capaldi, Deborah M; Tiberio, Stacey S; Kerr, David C R et al. (2016) The Relationships of Parental Alcohol Versus Tobacco and Marijuana Use With Early Adolescent Onset of Alcohol Use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:95-103
Tiberio, Stacey S; Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R et al. (2016) Parenting and the development of effortful control from early childhood to early adolescence: A transactional developmental model. Dev Psychopathol 28:837-53
Kerr, David C R; Tiberio, Stacey S; Capaldi, Deborah M (2015) Contextual risks linking parents' adolescent marijuana use to offspring onset. Drug Alcohol Depend 154:222-8
Feingold, Alan; Capaldi, Deborah M; Owen, Lee D (2015) Proximal vs. distal predictors of alcohol use disorders and treatment utilization in at-risk men in early middle age. Compr Psychiatry 61:64-71

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