Subjective well-being (SWB) has been a core subject in psychological and social gerontology since the 1950's. It refers to people's evaluations of their lives, which involve cognitive assessment, positive affect, and negative affect. From a life course perspective, we propose to analyze how SWB unfolds in old age among black, Hispanic, and white Americans. We have four specific aims: (a) to depict quantitatively the overall trajectory or age norm of intrapersonal changes in SWB from age 60 up to the 90's, (b) to examine the heterogeneity underlying the age norm of SWB, (c) to assess the relative importance of psychological resources (i.e., control and self-esteem) and life circumstances (i.e., social relations, financial status, and health status) in influencing the age norms of SWB and their sub-trajectories, and (d) to analyze the direct, indirect, and interaction effects of ethnicity on the age norms and sub-trajectories of SWB. To accomplish the above specific aims, we propose to analyze data from nine longitudinal studies of older Americans. The analytical strategies will include a combination of multi-level analysis, cluster analysis, multinomial logit analysis, and structural equation modeling.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AG028116-04
Application #
7797552
Study Section
Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section (SPIP)
Program Officer
Spotts, Erica L
Project Start
2007-05-15
Project End
2012-03-31
Budget Start
2010-04-15
Budget End
2012-03-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$323,948
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Xu, Xiao; Liang, Jersey; Bennett, Joan M et al. (2015) Socioeconomic stratification and multidimensional health trajectories: evidence of convergence in later old age. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 70:661-71
Quiñones, Ana R; Liang, Jersey; Ye, Wen (2013) Differences in diabetes mellitus onset for older Black, White, and Mexican Americans. Ethn Dis 23:310-5
Botoseneanu, Anda; Liang, Jersey (2013) Latent heterogeneity in long-term trajectories of body mass index in older adults. J Aging Health 25:342-63
Botoseneanu, Anda; Liang, Jersey (2012) The effect of stability and change in health behaviors on trajectories of body mass index in older Americans: a 14-year longitudinal study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 67:1075-84
Quiñones, Ana R; Liang, Jersey; Ye, Wen (2012) Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension risk: new diagnoses after age 50. Ethn Dis 22:175-80
Quiñones, Ana R; Liang, Jersey; Bennett, Joan M et al. (2011) How does the trajectory of multimorbidity vary across Black, White, and Mexican Americans in middle and old age? J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:739-49
Botoseneanu, Anda; Liang, Jersey (2011) Social stratification of body weight trajectory in middle-age and older americans: results from a 14-year longitudinal study. J Aging Health 23:454-80
Liang, Jersey; Xu, Xiao; Quinones, Ana R et al. (2011) Multiple trajectories of depressive symptoms in middle and late life: racial/ethnic variations. Psychol Aging 26:761-77
Liang, Jersey; Wang, Chia-Ning; Xu, Xiao et al. (2010) Trajectory of functional status among older Taiwanese: Gender and age variations. Soc Sci Med 71:1208-17

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