Sequential cleavage of APP by ?- and ?-secretase yields A? peptides that are pathogenic in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), along with AID/AICD, which mediates APP signaling. Some APP and ?-secretase mutations alter the rate of A? production and cause autosomal dominant familial AD (FAD). Given the role of APP processing in AD and APP-mediated functions, modulators of APP cleavage such as BRI2 are biologically relevant and of therapeutic interest. Of note, BRI2 mutations cause autosomal dominant Familial British (FBD) and Familial Danish (FDD) Dementia two AD-like diseases. We have further studied the significance of the BRI2-APP interaction and found that: 1) BRI2 inhibits APP processing and A? generation;2) BRI2 mutants that cause FBD and FDD are poor inhibitors of APP processing. Thus, our WORKING HYPOTHESIS is that: A) BRI2 is a competitive inhibitor of APP cleavage by secretases;B) BRI2 regulates AD pathogenesis;C) FBD and FDD BRI2 mutants exacerbate the progression of AD, and dis- regulation of APP processing may participate in FDD and FBD pathogenesis. This grant has three Aims in which we propose to test these hypotheses.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the world. It is estimated that ~1% of humans aged 60-64 years have AD, increasing steadily to as many as 35%-40% after age 85. AD is caused by the formation of plaques in the brain. These plaques impair the function of neuronal cells and, eventually, cause death of these cells. When the damage is large enough, dementia ensues. These senile plaques are formed by accumulation of a small molecule. Much of the efforts from scientists and industry are concentrated on findings drugs capable of preventing formation of these plaques or promoting the removal of this noxious material. This project proposal aims to study a protein that can diminish the formation of this toxic substance. We hope that our studies will translate into a program to develop drug for altering the course of the disease versus simply treating the symptoms like all of the approved drugs for AD currently are.
|Biundo, F; d'Abramo, C; Tambini, M D et al. (2017) Abolishing Tau cleavage by caspases at Aspartate421 causes memory/synaptic plasticity deficits and pre-pathological Tau alterations. Transl Psychiatry 7:e1198|
|Del Prete, Dolores; Rice, Richard C; Rajadhyaksha, Anjali M et al. (2016) Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) May Act as a Substrate and a Recognition Unit for CRL4CRBN and Stub1 E3 Ligases Facilitating Ubiquitination of Proteins Involved in Presynaptic Functions and Neurodegeneration. J Biol Chem 291:17209-27|
|Fá, M; Puzzo, D; Piacentini, R et al. (2016) Extracellular Tau Oligomers Produce An Immediate Impairment of LTP and Memory. Sci Rep 6:19393|
|Fanutza, Tomas; Del Prete, Dolores; Ford, Michael J et al. (2015) APP and APLP2 interact with the synaptic release machinery and facilitate transmitter release at hippocampal synapses. Elife 4:e09743|
|Biundo, Fabrizio; Ishiwari, Keita; Del Prete, Dolores et al. (2015) Interaction of ApoE3 and ApoE4 isoforms with an ITM2b/BRI2 mutation linked to the Alzheimer disease-like Danish dementia: Effects on learning and memory. Neurobiol Learn Mem 126:18-30|
|Del Prete, Dolores; Lombino, Franco; Liu, Xinran et al. (2014) APP is cleaved by Bace1 in pre-synaptic vesicles and establishes a pre-synaptic interactome, via its intracellular domain, with molecular complexes that regulate pre-synaptic vesicles functions. PLoS One 9:e108576|
|D'Adamio, Luciano; Castillo, Pablo E (2013) Presenilin-ryanodine receptor connection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:14825-6|
|Lombino, Franco; Biundo, Fabrizio; Tamayev, Robert et al. (2013) An intracellular threonine of amyloid-? precursor protein mediates synaptic plasticity deficits and memory loss. PLoS One 8:e57120|
|Tamayev, Robert; D'Adamio, Luciano (2012) Inhibition of ?-secretase worsens memory deficits in a genetically congruous mouse model of Danish dementia. Mol Neurodegener 7:19|
|Vitale, Monica; Renzone, Giovanni; Matsuda, Shuji et al. (2012) Proteomic characterization of a mouse model of familial Danish dementia. J Biomed Biotechnol 2012:728178|
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