Salmonellosis continues to be a major worldwide health concern. Essential to the pathogenicity of these bacteria is the coordinated activities of two type III protein secretion systems (TTSS), which direct the translocation into host cells of a battery of bacterial effector proteins that modulate a variety of cellular processes. Work in our laboratory supported by this Grant has focused on the study of the cell biology of the complex functional interface between Salmonella enterica and host cells, and in particular the study of the function of several Salmonella TTSS effector proteins. This research project is aimed at deepening our understanding of the cell biology of the Salmonella/host interactions, and the function of TTSS effector proteins whose role in the infection process is poorly understood. It is hoped that these studies will facilitate the development of novel immunological and pharmacological strategies to prevent diseases caused by all Salmonella enterica serovars. Furthermore, the paradigms of host-pathogen interactions established by these studies may also help the understanding of the pathogenesis of other important pathogens, which have evolved close associations with their hosts.

Public Health Relevance

Salmonella enterica, which causes food poisoning and typhoid fever in humans, continues to be a very significant health problem. It is estimated that there are 1.3 billion cases of Salmonella infections every year leading to 3 million annual deaths. Knowledge gained from this research should help develop novel therapeutic and prevention strategies.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AI055472-17
Application #
7805575
Study Section
Host Interactions with Bacterial Pathogens Study Section (HIBP)
Program Officer
Alexander, William A
Project Start
1995-05-01
Project End
2013-04-30
Budget Start
2010-05-01
Budget End
2011-04-30
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$582,754
Indirect Cost
Name
Yale University
Department
Microbiology/Immun/Virology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
043207562
City
New Haven
State
CT
Country
United States
Zip Code
06520
Fowler, Casey C; Chang, Shu-Jung; Gao, Xiang et al. (2017) Emerging insights into the biology of typhoid toxin. Curr Opin Microbiol 35:70-77
Hannemann, Sebastian; Galán, Jorge E (2017) Salmonella enterica serovar-specific transcriptional reprogramming of infected cells. PLoS Pathog 13:e1006532
Spanò, Stefania; Galán, Jorge E (2017) Taking control: Hijacking of Rab GTPases by intracellular bacterial pathogens. Small GTPases :1-10
(2017) Big Questions in Microbiology. Cell 169:770-772
Kamanova, Jana; Sun, Hui; Lara-Tejero, Maria et al. (2016) The Salmonella Effector Protein SopA Modulates Innate Immune Responses by Targeting TRIM E3 Ligase Family Members. PLoS Pathog 12:e1005552
Spanò, Stefania; Gao, Xiang; Hannemann, Sebastian et al. (2016) A Bacterial Pathogen Targets a Host Rab-Family GTPase Defense Pathway with a GAP. Cell Host Microbe 19:216-26
Galán, Jorge E (2016) Typhoid toxin provides a window into typhoid fever and the biology of Salmonella Typhi. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:6338-44
Song, Jeongmin; Wilhelm, Cara L; Wangdi, Tamding et al. (2016) Absence of TLR11 in Mice Does Not Confer Susceptibility to Salmonella Typhi. Cell 164:827-8
Sun, Hui; Kamanova, Jana; Lara-Tejero, Maria et al. (2016) A Family of Salmonella Type III Secretion Effector Proteins Selectively Targets the NF-?B Signaling Pathway to Preserve Host Homeostasis. PLoS Pathog 12:e1005484
Kohler, Amanda C; Spanò, Stefania; Galán, Jorge E et al. (2014) Structural and enzymatic characterization of a host-specificity determinant from Salmonella. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 70:384-91

Showing the most recent 10 out of 33 publications